Halloween in Santa Fe
- The Museum of Art – the Fall of Modernism with Halloween Modernist-style.
- Music of Big Swing Theory at St. Francis Auditorium. People dressed as dead artists and legends of New Mexico will make appearances. Kids can enjoy treasure hunts or participate in Katie May Be Morbid Card-Making.
- New Mexico History Museum/Palace of the Governors -the Telling New Mexico. Discover people dressed as historical figures who offer clues to family-friendly puzzles. Halloween masks of historical New Mexico characters. Noted author and folklorist Nasario García will tell traditional tales of ghosts, witches and boogeymen in the Palace of the Governors at 6 pm.
New Mexico Fall Colors
Santa Fe, New Mexico, with the glorious southern Rocky Mountains, offers plenty of places to view the fall leaves changing colors. To find out where the fall foliage colors are in New Mexico during the season, you can access the National Forest Service toll-free fall color hotline beginning in September at (800) 354-4595. Here are our top picks for places to see the gorgeous scenery of fall and vibrant fall colors in New Mexico, nearby Santa Fe.
Santa Fe – Sangre de Cristo Mountains
Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast is a great starting point for lots of beautiful drives- in particular a trip up into the Sangre de Cristo Mountains is spectacular. Spanning two hundred miles from their origin in southern Colorado, to their ending point in Santa Fe, New Mexico, these mountains offer high peaks, traditional pueblos, peaceful meadows, alpine lakes, aspen forests and more. Especially during the fall, the mountains blaze with fall colors. Leaves begin changing somewhere around the third or fourth week of September, especially in the upper elevations and high valleys. Ski Santa Fe, just a 16 mile drive north of Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast Santa Fe offers chairlift rides up to the top of the ski basin for a scenic views and exceptional hiking on existing ski trails.
North of Santa Fe, leaving Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe you will want to take Route 4 into the Jemez Mountains for magical color late in September. An area particularly beautiful during the fall when the intense golds and oranges of the changing leave complement the soaring red rock cliffs is definitely a must do! The nearby location of Bandelier National Monument, Painted Cave and Puye Cliff Dwelling can turn this daytrip drive into a full day or weekend adventure! Pair this short trip with wine tasting at nearby Estrella de Norte winery on the road to Chimayo or spirit tasting at Don Quixote distillery just down the mountain outside of Los Alamos and create your own memorable Santa Fe Fall Travel Experience!
South of Santa Fe, about 20 minute drive from Pueblo Bonito b&b. Take I-25 to 285 south then head west toward the sleepy village of Galisteo NM. Surrounded in old oak and elm trees with aspens added into the mix you’ll find a glorious array of fall colors lining the meadow valley and rolling hills of this enchanting little village. Pair the fall glory of colors with the annual Galisteo Studio tour held this year (2015) on October 17 and 18 and you’re in for a real treat!
South of Santa Fe heading I-25 N then into the village of Pecos, NM via the Old Santa Fe Trail will bring you to another area of fall splendor and vibrant colors. This area is full of wildlife from fish in the Pecos river to Deer and Elk. The plentiful aspen and other leafy vegetation help keep the deer and elk populations alive through harsh winters in the Pecos mountains. Animals feed on leaves and new shoots from young aspens and the bark of taller trees but the glorious colors in the fall definitely are inviting to local New Mexico inhabitants as well. Autumn’s shorter days and cooler nights quickly create vibrant pigments of yellow, red, and blue – which one can see in the red and purple of maples or the bronze or brown of oak and beech in this dense vegetation of the Pecos wilderness.
Though color viewings can vary from year to year as seasons depend upon weather conditions….. I’ve heard it said that if New Mexico autumns are warm and rainy, leaves are less colorful- but to my knowledge that doesn’t exist this year! Views from Inn at Pueblo Bonito – Santa Fe show a full splendor of colors in the Sangre de Cristos! Our trip up to Ski Santa Fe and ride on the Big Chief chair lift to the top was spectacular; breathtaking; pictures on this blog simply do not pay God’s creation justice! Come join us and BOOK NOW to experience the full brilliance of New Mexico autumn enchantment!
Red chile ristras are strung pods of dried red chile frequently displayed near arches, front doors and windows throughout New Mexico. They are iconic in Santa Fe for decorating, especially during harvest months- September and October. Holidays also are popular times and are symbolic of a warm, inviting “welcome.” Ristras have practical uses as well. Red Chile is the featured ingredient of delicious sauces, marinade, and traditional New Mexican culinary dishes.
New Mexico’s arid climate and abundant sunshine provide ideal conditions for annual chile crops which on average produce 80,000 tons a year. Late summer, early fall are unique times when large chile pepper crops are harvested and frequently picked fresh, roasted and eaten as green chile. When the fruit is left on the plant a little longer to ripen, it turns a vibrant red. This causes the fruit to completely change its properties and then is dried, crushed and eaten. Red chile is often strung up into chile ristras to dehydrate in the sun.
Traditional methods were to sun-dry fruits by laying them out, however, contamination among birds and rodents has prompted people to begin tying them together in strings and hanging them on walls, etc. However, you can still see rooftops of homes, stores covered in red chile for drying purposes – especially in the little town of Hatch NM! Hatch is known at the Chile Capital of the World and rightly so. It grows more green chile than anywhere on earth and its crops are highly sought after by locals and tourists alike! As ristras dry their color darkens to a subtle rusty red color. At this point, they are ready to use in cooking or as decoration as ristras!
Dried Red Chile Ristra as Decorations:
Fall traditions of Santa Fe, New Mexico include red chile ristras adorning farmer’s markets and roadside stands around the state. Red Chile Ristras are commonly used for decoration as seen with backgrounds of adobe brown buildings. They are said to bring health and good luck! Interested in taking a good luck chile ristra home with you? We invite you to enjoy the thrill of fall Santa Fe travel with the purpose of purchasing a red chile ristras for yourself. They make great gifts too! A visit to Santa Fe in fall is much more advised as boxing and mailing isn’t a preferred method in handeling these beauties! Thier vibrant red color makes for a memorable statement for welcomed guests. New Mexico’s arid dry climate provides a perfect showcase for these lovely hanging chiles, however they might not do so well back home. If visiting Santa Fe from a more humid state, your ristra may need to be treated with lacquer before taking it home. Lacquer will help preserve the chile from moisture in the air and avoid messes later on. We use Aquanet hairspray on ours- even in Santa Fe to highlight the color, prevent flying pests from enjoying the chile, and simply to provide a longer hanging life!
Dried Chile in Cooking
Use dried red chile in cooking, either crushed as powder or rehydrated, blended, boiled and then strained to make red chile sauce (also just called “red chile”). Red Chile, along with green chile, is a staple in traditional New Mexican cuisine! Red chile sauces can be ladled over dishes, such as enchiladas and tamales; used as base for stews, such as posole; or marinade for meats, as with carne adovada. Green chile, however, is most often used in soups, dips and chowders. Regardless of how you choose to use chile- red or green- it’s a New Mexico tradition! Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast is famous for thier “Pueblo Tamale” which is featured every morning for breakfast. How better to start your day than a red chile pork tamale with fresh fruit and coffee?
New Mexico Landscape – Plaza Blanca
Like many Northern New Mexico landscapes, Plaza Blanca is simply amazingly breathtaking! Sorry folks if more of a description is needed, but honestly it’s hard to describe. It’s unique. It’s surreal. It’s amazing and pictures just don’t do it justice. Pastel white/grey sandstone formations, offset with crystal cobalt blue New Mexico skies are extra special. Something seasoned Santa Fe visitors don‘t want to miss on their New Mexico vacation.
Experts on New Mexico Attractions
As Innkeeper of Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast inn- Santa Fe for over 31+ years, a native New Mexico born/ bred resident and Santa Fean for over 54 consecutive years, I am referred to as an expert in Northern New Mexico visitor travel recommendations. A title given to me by our guests! Guests returned year after year to Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast inn for our unique Santa Fe accommodations and numerous other reasons. One of which is: our extensive and professional knowledge of the area. Rather than spending time acclimating to the area, then upon leaving realize all the things they didn’t get to do, our guests appreciate wise suggestions, tips, and New Mexico tourism recommendations. Helping guests skillfully create distinctively unique daily travel plans to experience today the things they will remember and cherish forever is gratifying! We serve thousands of return guests which can be a challenge, especially those returning multiple times each year! However, we try to rise to their challenge and provide unique local insights for new things to do, see and explore. Another top reason our guests return is their feeling of being “at home”- one of the very best compliment we could ever receive!
That being said, we have a great recommendation for the seasoned Santa Fe visitor:
Located in the Rio Chama River Valley of the Carson National Forest, north of Santa Fe on your way to Abiquiu, is an eerie pastel whitish/grey limestone rock formation known as the Plaza Blanca – or the “White Place.” Its 60-foot-high obelisks and out of this world spires have been the subject of many photographs and works of art over the years, including Georgia O’Keeffe’s 1940 painting entitled “The White Place.”
The Plaza Blanca’s unusual landscape invites contemplation. Many visitors have stated that the white stone towering pillars and gnome-like hoodoos feel almost spiritual in nature. Getting to the surrealistic cliffs and columns of Plaza Blanca requires good hiking shoes. There is a three or four mile trail leading to it through New Mexico badlands, up steep washes and over mesa tops. The terrain which is best described as desolate, is marked only by an occasional Cholla cactus and Tamarisk plant. We suggest plenty of sunscreen, water and batteries for your digital camera! Location of Plaza Blanca is approximately 18 miles south of Ghost Ranch, within hiking distance of Dar al Islam. It is also near the Plaza Blanco Ranch at 41174 Fictitious Street, Abiquiu, New Mexico 87510. Plaza Blanca can be seen from U.S. Highway 84 to the north when approaching Abiquiu from the east. The trailhead begins at the end of the El Rito Road turnoff.Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast is Santa Fe, New Mexico’s premier historic, adobe, pueblo-style downtown Santa Fe bed and breakfast. Innkeepers- Amy & Herb Behm and staff have over 100+ years of New Mexico residential experience and are professionals in providing warm, inviting, Northern New Mexico hospitality. Let them help you create a memorable historic Santa Fe experience! 1-800-461-4599 or www.pueblobonitoinn.com
New Mexico is rich in history, thankfully, there are numerous museums in Santa Fe that allow you to explore that history through art and culture. Check out our list below!
Santa Fe Museums
Georgia O’Keeffe Museum – 217 Johnson Street, Santa Fe, New Mexico 505-946-1000
Museum of Contemporary Native Arts – 108 Cathedral Place, Santa Fe, NM 505-983-1777
New Mexico History Museum – 113 Lincoln Ave, Santa Fe, New Mexico 505-476-5200
New Mexico Museum of Art – 107 W Palace Ave, Santa Fe, NM 505-476-5072
Palace of the Governors – 113 Lincoln Ave, Santa Fe, NM 505-476-5200
Museum of Indian Arts & Culture – Museum Hill 710 Camino Lejo @ Museum Hill Santa Fe New Mexico 505-476-1250
Museum of International Folk Art – 706 Camino Lejo @ Museum Hill Santa FE NM 505-476-1200
Museum of Spanish Colonial Art – 750 Camino Lejo @ Museum Hill Santa FE NM 505-982-2226
Wheelwright Museum of the American Indian – 704 Camino Lejo @ Museum Hill Santa FE NM 505-982-4636
Santa Fe Botanical Garden 715 Camino Lejo @ Museum Hill 505-471-9103
Center for Contemporary Arts 1050 Old Pecos Trail Santa Fe NM 505-982-1338
Never a dull moment for Santa Fe Travelers! Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe prides itself in providing historic Santa Fe accommodations, warm hospitality and valuable assistance in designing your Santa Fe New Mexico tour explorations (free of charge with stay!). Details make the difference between a nice vacation get a way and a memorable experience to last a life time! Call us today at: 1-800-461-4599
Compliments of Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe, NM
“Guests Most Favorite Santa Fe bed breakfast”- 2011, 2012, 2013
Planning a trip to Santa Fe, New Mexico? Details can make the difference between an excellent Santa Fe travel experience and just an enjoyable one! Pueblo Bonito bed breakfast Santa Fe serves thousands of New Mexico travelers year round and we are committed to providing guests with knowledgeable and accurate “details” of the Santa Fe and Northern New Mexico area to maximize our guests vacation travel experience! Our valuable services are not easily replicated as Pueblo Bonito’s innkeepers have 80+ consecutive years of Santa Fe wisdom and tips to share. Our friendly and personable staff also bring 50+ combined years of local Northern New Mexico living experiences to assist guests in planning daily activities- like wine tasting! So in this spirit we offer fun, easy and unique day trip ideas you can add to your travel itinerary through Northern New Mexico. We will focus on Northern New Mexico and Santa Fe wineries:
New Mexico Wineries
Northern New Mexico has many award winning and fun wineries all within a short drive from Inn at Pueblo Bonito – Santa Fe, NM! No matter the preference of wine styles one may prefer, they offer a large variety. From bold, hearty reds to delightfully sweet dessert specialities, one is certain to fine the perfect wine to enjoy. While most grape production is located in southern New Mexico, the micro-vineyards of Northern New Mexico luxuriate in the intense efforts given to their cultivation, creating the rarest and most unique wines of the state. From Abiquiu to Dixon to Pojoaque and Nambe some of the most interesting wines can be found minutes from Santa Fe’s most popular bed and breakfast inn- Pueblo Bonito!
Black Mesa has 2 locations! Velarde and Taos.
This winery and and tasting room are located just 45 minutes north of Santa Fe in the village of Velarde. This tasting room features nice grassy areas for picnics and views of the Rio Grande as well as resident cats! They are known for their award winning wine “Black Beauty” for which is one of my personal favorites! Their Taos location across from the Harwood Museum is also just down the street from RC Gorman Art Gallery (a well known New Mexico artist). Relax on the pet-friendly patio or enjoy live music by local musicians on Friday and Saturday nights.
Blue Heron Brewing in Rinconada, NM
A funky, fun Northern New Mexico experience! This is Herb’s favorite. Offering fine brews, flights, wines and cheese! Enjoy a pint at the pub or fill a growler to take home. An excellent stop on your way home from a Taos day trip following the Rio Grande. Also an excellent stop after an exhilarating white water rafting excursion with Kokopelli Rafting tours!
Don Quixote in Santa Fe county, but located in Pojoaque, NM.
Wine and Spirit tasting and sales along with gourmet chocolates! Famous for their Blue Corn Vodka and Blue Corn Gin. A short drive north from Pueblo Bonito bed breakfast- Santa Fe- but worth the trip. The scenic drive is lovely and you can enjoy a cocktail or glass of wine in the courtyard or in the large territorial style show room.
Estrella del Norte in Nambe, NM
Lovely grounds featuring many special events, but always room to enjoy a top rate New Mexico wine in the courtyard! Gift shop and wine sales, just a short trip north from Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast Santa Fe. Excellent stop on your way home from a visit to the famous Sanctuario de Chimayo!
La Chiripada in Dixon, NM
Producer of award-winning wines for 33 years. Tasting available 7 days per week. Art gallery. One block from the Dixon plaza! A fun native, cultural experience.
Vino del Corazon in Santa Fe (short walk from Pueblo Bonito b&b inn)
Locating in downtown Santa Fe surrounded by art galleries, shops and history! The wine tasting room is perfect to enjoy an excellent New Mexico wine and more! Open Tues – Sat 12:00- 5:30; Sun 12:00 -5:00.
Vivac in Dixon, NM
Located between Taos and Santa Fe, this tasting room offers a full list of options and an in-house chocolatier! Beautiful patio surrounded by vineyards to drink in the mountain views. Happy Hours 4-7 Spring/Summer/Fall.
“When assisting guests with their daily Santa Fe touring and day trip plans, I love to add in options for eating and wine tasting as these special stops can add so much flavor and enjoyment to great destinations like Chimayo, Taos, White Water Rafting, Bandelier National Monument or Los Alamos!” says Amy Behm innkeeper and owner of Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast inn- Santa Fe.
The Cross of the Martyrs is an easy, enjoyable, and often-overlooked historic monument site just northeast of downtown Santa Fe plaza. This iconic site is a great idea for guests of the Inn at Pueblo Bonito to enjoy during their Santa Fe vacation. The Cross of the Martyrs is excellent for an evening stroll, Sunday city view, or an anytime free history lesson of Old Santa Fe! The vantage point at the top offers dramatic views of The Plaza, the entire city and valley it’s located in, as well as a glorious sunset viewing! Among all of these views, the peek into the history of the oldest capital city in the United States is the best reason to make incorporate it into your Santa Fe to do list.
The walk or “hike” up to the top is not an arduous climb, but it does take moderate fitness. A consistent inclined brick walkway provides a series of switchbacks interspersed with steps that climb to the ridge above Paseo de Peralta in Hillside Park. The project was a gift to Santa Fe visitors made on it’s 375th anniversary (Santa Fe is currently over 400 years old as of 2015). Handrails and sure footing on the commemorative walkway are abundant with ample reasons to stop, read, and catch your breath; a series of display plaques offer interesting historical facts to provide momentary diversions from the climb. Remember that Santa Fe’s elevation is more than 7,000 feet above sea level.
The twenty chronologically ordered plaques give visitors a glimpse into the events shaping Santa Fe’s blending of primary cultures (Native American, Spanish and Anglo). The walk accurately paints a journey through history starting at 500 AD to our modern era. At the top of the walkway, a bricked plaza area reveals a steel cross – erected to honor the 21 Franciscan Friars killed in the Pueblo Revolt of 1680.
The Pueblo revolt of 1680 was organized at the Taos Pueblo and led by Popé – a San Juan Pueblo medicine man- and was a mass insurrection by natives of the area pueblos against the Spanish interests. Popé became the ruler of all the pueblos of New Mexico for a dozen years as result of the successful revolt that killed 400 Spaniards and caused the survivors to flee to El Paso del Norte (El Paso, TX.) While the revolt did not remove the Spanish from the area permanently, it did cause changes in the way the Spanish dealt with the Pueblo Indians after 1692.
A cobblestone platform surrounds the cross. The site is a wonderful place for reflection, to take in the city views, or to take sunset photos of Santa Fe. Picnic tables are available nearby, offering the opportunity to take extra time to just relax and enjoy the beauty of the place and moment.
Getting to The Cross of the Martyrs from the Inn at Pueblo Bonito is simple: a guest would head to the Plaza, taking East Palace Avenue to Paseo de Peralta. From there, you would go left on Paseo de Peralta and follow it past Tommy Mascione park (to your right) and the Santa Fe Girls Club. Just past the entrance to the Girls Club is the entrance to the walkway on your right side. Legal parking places are at a premium but can be found on the street surrounding Tommy Mascione park.
On Fiesta weekend, a candlelit procession to The Cross of the Martyrs from Saint Francis Cathedral occurs after a special Mass. Fiesta weekend is celebrated the weekend after Labor Day in Santa Fe, NM.
compliments of Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe, NM
Santa Fe is the capital of New Mexico and is the fourth-largest city in the state. Santa Fe is not only the oldest capital city in New Mexico, but also in all of the United States. It is also revered for its preservation of history and culture, making it one of the top ranked vacation destinations in the world.
“Santa Fe” means “holy faith” in Spanish. In 2014, the population was 68,298. The city was originally occupied by a number of Pueblo Indian villages with founding dates between 1050 to 1150. One of the earliest known settlements in what today is downtown Santa Fe came sometime after 900. A Native American group built a cluster of homes that centered around the site of today’s Plaza and spread for half a mile to the south and west; the village was called Ogapoge. The Santa Fe River provided water to people and is a seasonal waterway which was a year round stream until the 1700s. In 2007, the river was recognized as the most endangered river in the United States, according to the conservation group American Rivers. Today, a short walk from Inn at Pueblo Bonito brings visitors to the Santa Fe River to view hand carved life sized Santos made by local artisans.
Don Juan de Oñate led the first effort to colonize the region in 1598, establishing Santa Fe de Nuevo México as a province of New Spain. Under Juan de Oñate and his son, the capital of the province was the settlement of San Juan de los Caballeros, which lay north of Santa Fe near modern Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo (aka San Juan Pueblo). New Mexico’s second Spanish governor, Don Pedro de Peralta, however, founded a new city at the foot of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in 1607. He called it La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asís (the Royal Town of the Holy Faith of Saint Francis of Assisi). In 1610, he made it the capital of the province, which it has almost constantly remained, making it the oldest state capital in the United States.
Except for the years 1680–1692, when, as a result of the Pueblo Revolt, the native Pueblo people drove the Spaniards out of the area known as New Mexico, later to be reconquered by Don Diego de Vargas, Santa Fe remained Spain’s provincial seat until the outbreak of the Mexican War of Independence in 1810. In 1824 the city’s status as the capital of the Mexican territory of Santa Fe de Nuevo México was formalized in the 1824 Constitution. The Cross of Maryters, a memorial cross commemorating loss of life in 1680 Pueblo Revolt, is a favorite historic landmark for Santa Fe visitors to see and view a glorious Santa Fe sunset (15 minute walk from Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe).
The Republic of Texas claimed Santa Fe as part of the western portion of Texas along the Rio Grande when it seceded from Mexico in 1836. In 1841, a small military and trading expedition set out from Austin, Texas, with the aim of gaining control over the Santa Fe Trail. Known as the Texan Santa Fe Expedition, the force was poorly prepared and was easily captured by the Mexican army. In 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico, and Brigadier General Stephen W. Kearny led the main body of his Army of the West of some 1,700 soldiers into the city to claim it for the United States, along with the whole territory of New Mexico. By 1848, the U.S. officially gained New Mexico through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Colonel Alexander William Doniphan, under the command of Kearny, recovered ammunition from Santa Fe labeled “Spain 1776”, showing both the quality of communication and military support New Mexico received under Mexican rule. American visitors saw little promise in the remote town. One traveler in 1849 wrote:
Did you know that the Spanish encountered over 100 Pueblo Indian Tribes while exploring five centuries ago? Did you know that from those 100-plus tribes, 19 are still separate, independent entities, speaking their own languages and maintaining distinct traditions in our state of New Mexico?
Did you know that some Pueblo communities (‘pueblo’ is the Spanish word for town) such as Taos (famous for its 1000-year-old, multi-story adobes), Acoma (glowing atop a red-rock mesa like a real-life City of Gold), and Santa Clara (home of the Puye Cliff Dwelling, which offers guided tours year-round)?
Did you know others like San Ildefonso or Santo Domingo allow visitors daily without tours? Or that others only welcome visitors on Feast Days, when costumed, body-painted dancers gather in their plazas to perform time-honored ceremonies? Native American culture and traditions are a big part of New Mexico history and southwest pride. Come join us to experience these ancient, intriguing and beautiful people who have a rich tradition to be shared with you in your visit to New Mexico.
Saturate yourself in rich historic tradition in our downtown Santa Fe bed and breakfast -the Inn at Pueblo Bonito! Our inn was orginally built in 1860 and was a West Texas Circuit Judge’s private estate. In fact, the only Indian bread oven or horno (“horno” is Spanish for bread oven) is located on the grounds of our historic bed and breakfast! So to create an authentic historic New Mexico travel experience, don’t just stay – experience traditional heritage at the Inn at Pueblo Bonito, Santa Fe.
Historic Santa Fe New Mexico- compliments of the Inn at Pueblo Bonito, Santa Fe.
Santa Fe is the capital of New Mexico and is the fourth-largest city in the state. Santa Fe is the oldest capital city in the United States and the oldest city in New Mexico. The meaning of Santa Fe is “holy faith” in Spanish. 2014 population was 68,298. The city was originally occupied by a number of Pueblo Indian villages with founding dates between 1050 to 1150. One of the earliest known settlements came sometime after 900, and is now known as Downtown Santa Fe. A Native American group built a cluster of homes that centered around the site of today’s Plaza and spread for half a mile to the south and west. The village was called Ogapoge. The Santa Fe River provided water to people and is a seasonal waterway which was a year round stream until the 1700s. In 2007, the river was recognized as the most endangered river in the United States, according to the conservation group American Rivers.
Don Juan de Oñate led the first effort to colonize the region in 1598, establishing Santa Fe de Nuevo México as a province of New Spain. Under Juan de Oñate and his son, the capital of the province was the settlement of San Juan de los Caballeros north of Santa Fe near modern Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo (aka San Juan Pueblo). New Mexico’s second Spanish governor, Don Pedro de Peralta, however, founded a new city at the foot of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in 1607. He called it La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asís (the Royal Town of the Holy Faith of Saint Francis of Assisi). In 1610, he made it the capital of the province, which it has almost constantly remained, making it the oldest state capital in the United States.
Santa Fe, 1846–1847
Except for the years 1680–1692, when, as a result of the Pueblo Revolt, the native Pueblo people drove the Spaniards out of the area known as New Mexico, later to be reconquered by Don Diego de Vargas, Santa Fe remained Spain’s provincial seat until the outbreak of the Mexican War of Independence in 1810. In 1824 the city’s status as the capital of the Mexican territory of Santa Fe de Nuevo México was formalized in the 1824 Constitution.
The Republic of Texas claimed Santa Fe as part of the western portion of Texas along the Rio Grande when it seceded from Mexico in 1836. In 1841, a small military and trading expedition set out from Austin, Texas, with the aim of gaining control over the Santa Fe Trail. Known as the Texan Santa Fe Expedition, the force was poorly prepared and was easily captured by the Mexican army. In 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico, and Brigadier General Stephen W. Kearny led the main body of his Army of the West of some 1,700 soldiers into the city to claim it and the whole New Mexico Territory for the United States. By 1848 the U.S. officially gained New Mexico through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Colonel Alexander William Doniphan, under the command of Kearny, recovered ammunition from Santa Fe labeled “Spain 1776”, showing both the quality of communication and military support New Mexico received under Mexican rule.
American visitors saw little promise in the remote town. One traveller in 1849 wrote:
Today, Santa Fe is a testament to such preservation of rich history as well as a monument to the strength and wealth an environment gains through hardship; the City Different is a true oasis in the desert.