JULY SANTA FE TRAVEL TIPS: SPANISH MARKET- A MUST DO!
…Traditional Spanish Market – Summer
WHEN: July 30th & 31st, 2016: 8am – 5pm.
WHERE: Santa Fe Plaza area.
Hours and Admission: 8 am- 5 pm: Free!!
The oldest, largest juried Spanish Market in the United States is celebrating with festivals, music, cultural events, food, stories and traditional historic lodging centered in and around Santa Fe’s historic Plaza- July 2016!
July brings up to 70,000 people (locals, visitors, collectors and enthusiasts) flocking to Santa Fe to experience this traditional Santa Fe Spanish Market event- you don’t want to miss! Hundreds of artists show works which is now known world-wide as the largest juried Spanish Market in the United States! The Spanish Colonial Arts Society proudly announces its 65th Annual Traditional Spanish Market on the historic Santa Fe Plaza on July 30-31, 2016. We humbly invite you to join us at Santa Fe’s Inn at Pueblo Bonito –Santa Fe to experience this wonderful and exciting summer Santa Fe Market event. The first market took place near the Santa Fe Plaza in 1926. Today our market features authentic artistic traditions which can be traced directly back over 400 years with skilled artists and craftspeople creating breathtaking expressions of living traditions with their art as their only source of income. Styles and quality are differ and are far more exacting in terms of traditional accuracy and finish than tourist pieces sold elsewhere in the USA. Market artists submit pieces and are then juried into the Market with youth mentored by current Market artists in specific categories.
250 Spanish Colonial Artists (approximately) from New Mexico and Southern Colorado take part in this enchanting event. Santa Fe’s downtown plaza is filled with exponents of woodcarving, tinwork, colcha, hide painting, retablos, straw appliqué, furniture and furnishings, weaving, jewelry, filigree, pottery and ironwork. But that’s not all!
In addition, ¡Viva La Cultura! is a week long immersive experience of Santa Fe’s history, culture and modern daily life! Lecture series, tours, music, culinary events, movies and more are coordinated through cooperative activities with several Santa Fe organizations brining to life the Spanish Market, July 30-31, 2016. Music and performances are on Market stage throughout the weekend, a food court of local flavors and authentic, traditional lodging are provided to limited guests of the one and only Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe! Artist demonstrations, interactive art projects, books on Hispanic culture and a special Market Mass at the Cathedral Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi are elements of Santa Fe’s Spanish Market you don’t want to miss! Walk to all of these special events and soak in the full experience of this 65 yr old traditional Spanish Market from Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast inn, while feasting on traditional Spanish breakfast items like red chile pork tamales and green chile chicken stew! Give us a call (1-800-461-4599) to make your end of July reservations while availability lasts at Santa Fe’s only 156 yr old historic authentic adobe pueblo-style b&b! Free parking. Easy walk to Market, activities, restaurants, museums, shopping and more! BOOK NOW ONLINE
History of Tamales
This blog has been prepared for guests of Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast inn- Santa Fe. In response to the popularity of our New Mexico red chile pork tamales served hot daily for breakfast. We hope you enjoy the History of the Tamale!!
“Tamale” is derived from the word tamalii an Aztec word meaning “wrapped food”. Though we are not certain when or who invented the tamale, we do know tamales were written about since pre-Columbian days. Aztecs served Spaniard soldiers tamales during visits to Mexico in the 1550’s. Tamales were eaten by soldiers on long sojourns into Mexico as tamales are portable and easy to heat.
Tamales have been eaten in the United States since at least 1893 when they were featured at the World’s Columbian Exposition. A tradition of roving tamale sellers was documented in early 20th-century in blue/ragtime music song “They’re Red Hot” by Robert Johnson.
While Mexican-style and other Latin American-style tamales are featured at ethnic restaurants throughout the United States, Pueblo Bonito b&b inn- Santa Fe proudly features our traditional New Mexico red chile pork tamale! A distinctly indigenous tribute to New Mexico culture, tradition and cuisine.
Tamales typically are not made every day, as they once were, as they are very labor intensive. Rather you find tamales being made for special occasions like the Day of the Dead, Christmas, Native American Feast Days, New Year’s or just about any other family or holiday celebration. Tamale making is usually a family affair! Traditionally family members gather together and make fillings and masa the day before. Day 2 creates an assembly line- family of all ages form to spread the masa on corn husks, fill and fold the tamales. Once the tamales are assembled, they are steamed and finally eaten. Usually hundreds of tamales are made at once so everyone can take some home and share with friends and family. Guests of Pueblo Bonito, though not required to create the tamale, are warmly invited to our tables to share as friends in this delectable tradition of hospitality- enjoy!
Fetish carvings and Native American symbolism found frequently on crafts items like pottery, jewelry, bead or leather work, paintings, carvings, etc are part of an ancient culture and religion which is extremely complex. Zuni fetishes, known to the Shiwi people as wemawe, are small stone animal carvings made by talented artisans of the Zuni Pueblo. Due to the remote location in Northwest New Mexico, the Zuni people have been able to retain a great deal of their culture and religion despite being among the most studied Native American people by anthropologists, past and present. It is my experience that though Native American culture and tradition can differ between tribes/sects, there are many agreed to meanings of the symbols found throughout the craft works, etc. Inn at Pueblo Bonito features several Native American Artisans from local NM Pueblos- two of which are Marilyn Ray (Acoma) and Vera Tenorio (Santo Domingo). Well known and respected artisans within their Pueblo cultures- each proudly carry on ancestral traditions of craftsmanship and storytelling. The following should provide some insight as to meanings of Native American symbols, Native American fetishes, and materials used in their artwork.
Native American Symbolism Guide
Bears: symbolizes physical strength, leadership and is known as the “first helper”.
Bear Paws: are a symbol representing inner strength.
Feathers: symbols of prayers, marks of honor or sources of ideas. They represent a Creative Force.
Kokopelli: a common fertility symbol thought to bring fertility to women drawn to his flute playing. He also represents the spirit of music.
Eagle: Master of sky; carrier of prayers. Admired for bravery and special connections to the creator.
Buffalo: Spiritual protector bringing nourishment to body & soul. A White Buffalo symbolizes peace.
Dream Catcher: It is believed the web tangles bad dreams & prevents them from passing through. Good dreams slip through the center. Each morning sunlight purifies the web of bad dreams.
Arrowhead: Represents the hunter and symbolizes the adventurer within each of us.
Zuni Bear: The Guardian of the Earth. A heart-line arrow going from head to heart symbolizes a warrior’s heart is strong like the bear’s.
Native American Stone Meanings
CORAL: is known to be very soothing and very protective. It is of an organic origin, being the skeletal remains of marine animals called Coral Polyps. Colonies of these tiny creatures build branching structures as they grow, gradually forming reefs and atolls.
TURQUOISE: It is believed that turquoise tends to bring good fortune, strength and helps overcome illness. Turquoise got its name from the Levantine traders called Turks who brought the stone to Europe from Persia via Turkey centuries ago. Native Americans have prized turquoise since the time of the Aztecs, who mined it in New Mexico. The natural variations that occur in turquoise are part of their appeal and beauty.
RUBY: A gemstone, ruby is thought to speed the healing of body, mind and spirit. It is believed to aid in psychic development while it energizes. It’s a good stone for just about everyone.
LAPIS: Lapis is the perfect stone for wisdom and fortitude. It is also believed to be an excellent stone for decision makers. It helps increase psychic ability.
OPAL: Most people know Opal for it’s distinctive play of color, it is semi-transparent solidified mineral composed of silicon and water, and it gets its name from the Latin word “Oplus” meaning precious stone. Opal is October’s birthstone. It is believed to release self-consciousness allowing spontaneous action, and awakens one’s psychic and mystical qualities.
ONYX: It is a semi-precious gemstone, and it is a cryptocrystalline form of quartz. Onyx is also known to be a calming stone. Native Americans believe it collects negative energy from you while wearing it.
MALACHITE: It is famous for its radial banding and deep green color. Popular today for use in Southwestern Indian jewelry, malachite was also popular in the past with the ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans. It was worn as a good luck charm to keep away danger and illness. It is believed to balance and stabilize ones emotions.
TIGER”S EYE: Also called Tigers eye or Tiger eye is a chatoyant gemstone. Tiger Eye stone contains a golden yellow reflection on a brown ground color. The most important source of tiger eye is South Africa, but it is also found in California. Native American Indians believe it conveys courage and protection.
PEARLS: Pearls are known to stabilize and balance emotions. They are believed to help your body in using calcium better. For Native Americans pearls are full of purity and integrity.
RHODOCHROSITE: A mineral mined in the U.S., rhodochrosite is known to strengthen self- identity; helps heal deep emotional trauma and balances with a loving vibration. JET: It is an organic gemstone which was highly popular during the reign of Queen Victoria. It has been traditionally fashioned into rosaries for monks. In the U.S. long necklaces of jet beads were very popular during the 1920s, or Roaring Twenties, when women and young flappers would wear multiple strands of jet beads stretching from the neckline to the waistline. Today it is used to beautify Native American Indian jewelry.
Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast inn- Santa Fe, NM proudly features both of these talented Native American Artists and their crafts in our gift gallery. Unique and culturally different New Mexico locally crafted gifts- perfect for gift giving. Valentines is coming up…..why not consider giving the gift of travel and experience our unique historic adobe pueblo-style downtown Santa Fe Bed Breakfast. Book Now and experience a one-of-a-kind New Mexico lodging experience! Give us a call 1-800-461-4599 and allow us to assist you. www.pueblobonitoinn.com
The Cross of the Martyrs is an easy, enjoyable, and often-overlooked historic monument site just northeast of downtown Santa Fe plaza. This iconic site is a great idea for guests of the Inn at Pueblo Bonito to enjoy during their Santa Fe vacation. The Cross of the Martyrs is excellent for an evening stroll, Sunday city view, or an anytime free history lesson of Old Santa Fe! The vantage point at the top offers dramatic views of The Plaza, the entire city and valley it’s located in, as well as a glorious sunset viewing! Among all of these views, the peek into the history of the oldest capital city in the United States is the best reason to make incorporate it into your Santa Fe to do list.
The walk or “hike” up to the top is not an arduous climb, but it does take moderate fitness. A consistent inclined brick walkway provides a series of switchbacks interspersed with steps that climb to the ridge above Paseo de Peralta in Hillside Park. The project was a gift to Santa Fe visitors made on it’s 375th anniversary (Santa Fe is currently over 400 years old as of 2015). Handrails and sure footing on the commemorative walkway are abundant with ample reasons to stop, read, and catch your breath; a series of display plaques offer interesting historical facts to provide momentary diversions from the climb. Remember that Santa Fe’s elevation is more than 7,000 feet above sea level.
The twenty chronologically ordered plaques give visitors a glimpse into the events shaping Santa Fe’s blending of primary cultures (Native American, Spanish and Anglo). The walk accurately paints a journey through history starting at 500 AD to our modern era. At the top of the walkway, a bricked plaza area reveals a steel cross – erected to honor the 21 Franciscan Friars killed in the Pueblo Revolt of 1680.
The Pueblo revolt of 1680 was organized at the Taos Pueblo and led by Popé – a San Juan Pueblo medicine man- and was a mass insurrection by natives of the area pueblos against the Spanish interests. Popé became the ruler of all the pueblos of New Mexico for a dozen years as result of the successful revolt that killed 400 Spaniards and caused the survivors to flee to El Paso del Norte (El Paso, TX.) While the revolt did not remove the Spanish from the area permanently, it did cause changes in the way the Spanish dealt with the Pueblo Indians after 1692.
A cobblestone platform surrounds the cross. The site is a wonderful place for reflection, to take in the city views, or to take sunset photos of Santa Fe. Picnic tables are available nearby, offering the opportunity to take extra time to just relax and enjoy the beauty of the place and moment.
Getting to The Cross of the Martyrs from the Inn at Pueblo Bonito is simple: a guest would head to the Plaza, taking East Palace Avenue to Paseo de Peralta. From there, you would go left on Paseo de Peralta and follow it past Tommy Mascione park (to your right) and the Santa Fe Girls Club. Just past the entrance to the Girls Club is the entrance to the walkway on your right side. Legal parking places are at a premium but can be found on the street surrounding Tommy Mascione park.
On Fiesta weekend, a candlelit procession to The Cross of the Martyrs from Saint Francis Cathedral occurs after a special Mass. Fiesta weekend is celebrated the weekend after Labor Day in Santa Fe, NM.
compliments of Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe, NM
Santa Fe is the capital of New Mexico and is the fourth-largest city in the state. Santa Fe is not only the oldest capital city in New Mexico, but also in all of the United States. It is also revered for its preservation of history and culture, making it one of the top ranked vacation destinations in the world.
“Santa Fe” means “holy faith” in Spanish. In 2014, the population was 68,298. The city was originally occupied by a number of Pueblo Indian villages with founding dates between 1050 to 1150. One of the earliest known settlements in what today is downtown Santa Fe came sometime after 900. A Native American group built a cluster of homes that centered around the site of today’s Plaza and spread for half a mile to the south and west; the village was called Ogapoge. The Santa Fe River provided water to people and is a seasonal waterway which was a year round stream until the 1700s. In 2007, the river was recognized as the most endangered river in the United States, according to the conservation group American Rivers. Today, a short walk from Inn at Pueblo Bonito brings visitors to the Santa Fe River to view hand carved life sized Santos made by local artisans.
Don Juan de Oñate led the first effort to colonize the region in 1598, establishing Santa Fe de Nuevo México as a province of New Spain. Under Juan de Oñate and his son, the capital of the province was the settlement of San Juan de los Caballeros, which lay north of Santa Fe near modern Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo (aka San Juan Pueblo). New Mexico’s second Spanish governor, Don Pedro de Peralta, however, founded a new city at the foot of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in 1607. He called it La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asís (the Royal Town of the Holy Faith of Saint Francis of Assisi). In 1610, he made it the capital of the province, which it has almost constantly remained, making it the oldest state capital in the United States.
Except for the years 1680–1692, when, as a result of the Pueblo Revolt, the native Pueblo people drove the Spaniards out of the area known as New Mexico, later to be reconquered by Don Diego de Vargas, Santa Fe remained Spain’s provincial seat until the outbreak of the Mexican War of Independence in 1810. In 1824 the city’s status as the capital of the Mexican territory of Santa Fe de Nuevo México was formalized in the 1824 Constitution. The Cross of Maryters, a memorial cross commemorating loss of life in 1680 Pueblo Revolt, is a favorite historic landmark for Santa Fe visitors to see and view a glorious Santa Fe sunset (15 minute walk from Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe).
The Republic of Texas claimed Santa Fe as part of the western portion of Texas along the Rio Grande when it seceded from Mexico in 1836. In 1841, a small military and trading expedition set out from Austin, Texas, with the aim of gaining control over the Santa Fe Trail. Known as the Texan Santa Fe Expedition, the force was poorly prepared and was easily captured by the Mexican army. In 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico, and Brigadier General Stephen W. Kearny led the main body of his Army of the West of some 1,700 soldiers into the city to claim it for the United States, along with the whole territory of New Mexico. By 1848, the U.S. officially gained New Mexico through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Colonel Alexander William Doniphan, under the command of Kearny, recovered ammunition from Santa Fe labeled “Spain 1776”, showing both the quality of communication and military support New Mexico received under Mexican rule. American visitors saw little promise in the remote town. One traveler in 1849 wrote:
Did you know that the Spanish encountered over 100 Pueblo Indian Tribes while exploring five centuries ago? Did you know that from those 100-plus tribes, 19 are still separate, independent entities, speaking their own languages and maintaining distinct traditions in our state of New Mexico?
Did you know that some Pueblo communities (‘pueblo’ is the Spanish word for town) such as Taos (famous for its 1000-year-old, multi-story adobes), Acoma (glowing atop a red-rock mesa like a real-life City of Gold), and Santa Clara (home of the Puye Cliff Dwelling, which offers guided tours year-round)?
Did you know others like San Ildefonso or Santo Domingo allow visitors daily without tours? Or that others only welcome visitors on Feast Days, when costumed, body-painted dancers gather in their plazas to perform time-honored ceremonies? Native American culture and traditions are a big part of New Mexico history and southwest pride. Come join us to experience these ancient, intriguing and beautiful people who have a rich tradition to be shared with you in your visit to New Mexico.
Saturate yourself in rich historic tradition in our downtown Santa Fe bed and breakfast -the Inn at Pueblo Bonito! Our inn was orginally built in 1860 and was a West Texas Circuit Judge’s private estate. In fact, the only Indian bread oven or horno (“horno” is Spanish for bread oven) is located on the grounds of our historic bed and breakfast! So to create an authentic historic New Mexico travel experience, don’t just stay – experience traditional heritage at the Inn at Pueblo Bonito, Santa Fe.
Historic Santa Fe New Mexico- compliments of the Inn at Pueblo Bonito, Santa Fe.
Santa Fe is the capital of New Mexico and is the fourth-largest city in the state. Santa Fe is the oldest capital city in the United States and the oldest city in New Mexico. The meaning of Santa Fe is “holy faith” in Spanish. 2014 population was 68,298. The city was originally occupied by a number of Pueblo Indian villages with founding dates between 1050 to 1150. One of the earliest known settlements came sometime after 900, and is now known as Downtown Santa Fe. A Native American group built a cluster of homes that centered around the site of today’s Plaza and spread for half a mile to the south and west. The village was called Ogapoge. The Santa Fe River provided water to people and is a seasonal waterway which was a year round stream until the 1700s. In 2007, the river was recognized as the most endangered river in the United States, according to the conservation group American Rivers.
Don Juan de Oñate led the first effort to colonize the region in 1598, establishing Santa Fe de Nuevo México as a province of New Spain. Under Juan de Oñate and his son, the capital of the province was the settlement of San Juan de los Caballeros north of Santa Fe near modern Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo (aka San Juan Pueblo). New Mexico’s second Spanish governor, Don Pedro de Peralta, however, founded a new city at the foot of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in 1607. He called it La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asís (the Royal Town of the Holy Faith of Saint Francis of Assisi). In 1610, he made it the capital of the province, which it has almost constantly remained, making it the oldest state capital in the United States.
Santa Fe, 1846–1847
Except for the years 1680–1692, when, as a result of the Pueblo Revolt, the native Pueblo people drove the Spaniards out of the area known as New Mexico, later to be reconquered by Don Diego de Vargas, Santa Fe remained Spain’s provincial seat until the outbreak of the Mexican War of Independence in 1810. In 1824 the city’s status as the capital of the Mexican territory of Santa Fe de Nuevo México was formalized in the 1824 Constitution.
The Republic of Texas claimed Santa Fe as part of the western portion of Texas along the Rio Grande when it seceded from Mexico in 1836. In 1841, a small military and trading expedition set out from Austin, Texas, with the aim of gaining control over the Santa Fe Trail. Known as the Texan Santa Fe Expedition, the force was poorly prepared and was easily captured by the Mexican army. In 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico, and Brigadier General Stephen W. Kearny led the main body of his Army of the West of some 1,700 soldiers into the city to claim it and the whole New Mexico Territory for the United States. By 1848 the U.S. officially gained New Mexico through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Colonel Alexander William Doniphan, under the command of Kearny, recovered ammunition from Santa Fe labeled “Spain 1776”, showing both the quality of communication and military support New Mexico received under Mexican rule.
American visitors saw little promise in the remote town. One traveller in 1849 wrote:
Today, Santa Fe is a testament to such preservation of rich history as well as a monument to the strength and wealth an environment gains through hardship; the City Different is a true oasis in the desert.