Santa Fe Orchestra Concert Schedule
A Special event idea for Santa Fe visitors traveling in April, May, or June 2016 would be the Santa Fe Community Orchestra Concerts! These extremely talented performances are Free for the Santa FE Community! The 2016 season will be winding down with three extraordinary concerts consisting off classical favorites, rarely heard repertoire, accessible contemporary works, & world premieres of compositions by New Mexico composers. Take your pick- all are Must Do’s!
Mid-Season Concert – featuring David Chavez as guest conductor.
- Sunday, April 17, 2016 at 2:30 pm at St. Francis Auditorium in the New Mexico Museum of Art
- Allegretti: Benthic Metropolis – World Premiere
- Britten: Lachrymae for viola and strings, Ari Le, viola (SFCO Concerto Competition Winner)
- Tchaikovsky: Symphony No. 5
- Admission is free, donations appreciated.
- Walking distance from Pueblo Bonito b&b inn. Book Direct and save 10% (rates starting as low as $109.80+).
New Music at the Museum – New Works by New Mexico Composers Reading #3
- Friday, May 6, 2016 at 6:00 p.m. at St. Francis Auditorium in the New Mexico Museum of Art
- New and recent compositions by New Mexico composers presented in an open-rehearsal format.
- Walking distance from Pueblo Bonito b&b inn. Book Direct and save 10% (rates starting as low as $135.00+).
Season Finale- Program to be determined.
- Sunday, June 5, 2016 2:30 pm at St. Francis Auditorium in the New Mexico Museum of Art
- Walking distance from Pueblo Bonito b&b inn. Book Direct and save 10% (rates starting as low as $120.00+).
Too good to believe? Santa Fe Orchestra Concert Contact Information:
- Website: http://www.sfco.org/
- Address: 1000 Cordova Place, Suite 211, Santa Fe, NM 87505 MAP
- Phone: (505) 466-4879
**Programs and artists are subject to change**
Okay folks… you asked for it! Needless to say, we receive numerous inquiries about green chile… how to make it; how to cook it; how to store it; how to roast it; how to peel it; etc. So due to popular request, we have provided some basic information for our beloved chile lover guests who want to know! Enjoy- COMPLIMENTS OF INN AT PUEBLO BONITO- SANTA FE
CHILE 101: PREPARATION, HANDLING AND STORING NEW MEXICO CHILE
Chile – both Red and Green – are essential ingredients in traditional New Mexican cooking. Of course, one can buy already prepped and ready to go chile, but Santa Fe chefs know chile taste better when prepared in season and fresh. Doing it yourself not only is more economical, but it’s fun too! An experience of authentic New Mexico culture and history. Below is everything you need to know to become a “chile pro”. Go ahead, take your New Mexico cooking to the next level!
Perfect Chile Roasting 101:
ROASTING FRESH NEW MEXICO CHILES AT HOME
- It’s easy! Roast fresh New Mexico chile pods in an oven; on top of a gas stove; or on an outdoor grill!
- Begin with New Mexico grown green chiles- they are the most frequently roasted! About twenty minutes for oven roasting putting a single layer of green chile on baking sheet. Blister chile at 450° F (blackening skins in many spots) and turn as needed for uniformed scorching or until chiles collapse.
- If roasting just a few green pods, hold with tongs over flame of a gas burner for a few minutes. Turn to blacken all over, or use an asador (wire-mesh griddle).
- If using a gas or charcoal grill, place green chile on grate over hot fire, searing all sides- about ten minutes.
- Roast fresh red pods the same ways, but because of their higher moisture content, keep from blistering and blackening as fully as green. Judge their readiness by looking for loosening skin with deep brown shades.
STEAM AND PEEL FRESH NEW MEXICO CHILES
After roasting red or green chile, steam pods immediately to loosen skins.
- Place pods in a Ziploc plastic bag or covered bowl. Let sit five to ten minutes until cool enough to handle.
- Peeling quantities of chiles, require rubber gloves! Avoid capsaicin (substance that gives the pods heat) getting onto your hands- it doesn’t wash off easily and can irritate skin.
- Strip off the outer skin or peel. If tempted to run water over chiles to help in the process (some peel is bound to stick)- Don’t do it! As this will dilutes the flavor. Instead, rinse gloved hands under running water.
- Remove all stems and seeds unless plans include stuffing chiles. In this case, leave the stem and any seeds still attached to avoid weakening the pod.
GREEN CHILE SAUCE RECIPE: Servings: 4 cups
Green chile sauce is an essential ingredient in New Mexican recipes. Green chile sauce can be frozen- so feel free to be creative and smother any/all meats, eggs, pasta, etc with this highly popular accompaniment! This green chile sauce will be a welcomed treat packing a punch of flavor and spice to any dish. If planning ahead, remember this keeps for 3 days refrigerated otherwise it freezes well!
- 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
- ½ to 1 medium onion, chopped fine
- 2 to 3 garlic cloves, minced
- 1 tablespoon all-purpose flour
- 2 cups chopped roasted New Mexican green chile, fresh or thawed frozen
- 2 cups chicken or beef stock
- ½ teaspoon salt, or more to taste
- Warm the oil in a heavy saucepan over medium heat. Add the onion and garlic and sauté until the onion is soft and translucent, about 5 minutes.
- Stir in the flour and continue cooking for another 1 or 2 minutes.
- Mix in the chile. Immediately begin pouring in the stock, stirring as you go, then add the salt.
- Bring the mixture to a boil. Reduce the heat to a low simmer and cook for about 15 minutes, until thickened but still very pourable. Use warm or refrigerate for later use.
RED CHILE SAUCE RECIPE:
Another staple in New Mexican cooking! Use red sauce in enchiladas, burritos, tamales, or smothered on top of basically anything. This sauce will keep up to 6 days refrigerated and freezes well.
Servings: 4 cups
- Toast dried whole chile pods in a heavy skillet over medium heat until they are warm and release their fragrance, 1 to 2 minutes per side.
- Remove the chiles from the skillet immediately. When cool enough to handle, break each chile pod into several pieces (wearing rubber or plastic gloves if your skin is sensitive), discarding the stem and seeds.
- Place half the chile pieces in a blender and pour in one-half of the water or stock. Puree until mostly smooth but with a few flecks of chile still visible in the liquid.
- Warm the oil in a large saucepan over medium heat. Add the onion and garlic, and sauté several minutes until the onion is limp.
- Pour in the blended chile mixture, then add oregano and salt.
- Puree the remaining chiles with the remaining water and pour it into the sauce in the pan. Reduce the heat to medium-low and simmer for a total of 20 to 25 minutes.
- After about 15 minutes, taste the sauce and adjust seasonings. When ready, the sauce will be cooked down enough to coat a spoon thickly but still drop off of it easily. Use warm or refrigerate for later use.
- 8 ounces (about 20 to 25) dried whole red New Mexican chile pods, mild, medium, hot, or a combination
- 4 cups water or chicken stock (divided use)
- 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
- 1 medium onion, minced
- 3 garlic cloves, minced
- 1 to 2 teaspoons crumbled dried Mexican oregano, or marjoram
- 1 teaspoon salt, or more to taste
Anytime of year is an excellent time to visit Santa Fe, New Mexico! Foods, flavors, colors, clear skies, world class museums, art, culture, skiing and so much more! But the Fall- October, November are Chile harvest times! Fresh Chile is abundant. Then December while New Mexicans are preparing for Holidays- chiles are plentiful in local markets. Rejenos, tamales, stews, posole are local traditional favorites. Inn at Pueblo Bonito features the BEST Red Chile Pork Tamales in the State of New Mexico every morning for breakfast- all year round! So, we invite you to travel to Santa Fe, New Mexico and feast on our local cuisine featuring the beloved red or green chile. You won’t be sorry! Give us a call 1-800-461-4599 if we can be of assistance. We’d love to host you on your next historic Santa Fe vacation get away! Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast Santa Fe!
Halloween in Santa Fe
- The Museum of Art – the Fall of Modernism with Halloween Modernist-style.
- Music of Big Swing Theory at St. Francis Auditorium. People dressed as dead artists and legends of New Mexico will make appearances. Kids can enjoy treasure hunts or participate in Katie May Be Morbid Card-Making.
- New Mexico History Museum/Palace of the Governors -the Telling New Mexico. Discover people dressed as historical figures who offer clues to family-friendly puzzles. Halloween masks of historical New Mexico characters. Noted author and folklorist Nasario García will tell traditional tales of ghosts, witches and boogeymen in the Palace of the Governors at 6 pm.
Late Fall New Mexico Art Studio Tours are as follows:
Blog compliments of Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast- Santa Fe– 1-800-461-4599
October 3,4, 2015 10 am- 5 pm
El Rito Studio Tour
Madrid & Cerrillos Studio Tour also Oct 10, 11, 2015
October 10,11, 2015
Abiquiu Studio Tour
October 17, 18, 205 10 am- 5 pm
Los Alamos Artist Studio Tour
Red Dot Art Weekend and Oct 10, 11, 12, 2015
Galisteo Studio Tour
October 23, 2015 3 pm – 7 pm; October 224, 2015 9 am – 5 pm
Eldorado Fall Artist Studio Show
November 7, 8 ,2015 9 am- 5 pm
Dixon Studio Tour
Late Fall artist’s studio tours are so much fun and visiting these special small villages and towns brings a whole new dimension and appreciation for local culture, art and cuisine! Let us make your October New Mexico Artist Studio Tour special with the following suggestions:
Abiquiu: Always a daytrip treat filled with breath taking scenery. Georgia O’Keeffe house tours could be possible and don’t forget Bode’s General Store– a great place to stop for homemade soup!
El Rito: What an amazing find this little Northern New Mexico village! Must see: historic El Rito church and sanctuary. Must Eat: El Farolito- best green chile in the state of NM! We recommend green chile chicken enchiladas with sour cream- mucho bueno. Bring cash- credit cards don’t go far in this remote little Northern New Mexico
village! After El Rito Studio tour, head toward Abiquiu via County Rd 155W and off to the north side you can see hints of eerie pastel white/grey limestone rock formations similiar to those known as the Plaza Blanca or “White Place”. See our blog on Plaza Blanca for more information!
Los Alamos: Visit the Bradbury Science Museum which documents the development of the atom bomb- very, very interesting. Bandelier National Monument (Must See)- ancient cliff dwellings, petroglyphs and Indian ruins.
October is a gorgeous time of year to visit New Mexico! Aspens on the Sangre de Cristos are only 16 mile drive from Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast door step! Fall colors, hiking, art tours as well as Balloon Fiesta are all things to do in Santa Fe in 2015 October Santa Fe visits! Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast offers outstanding October lodging specials too! All 19 room feature in-room kiva wood burning fireplaces to create a truly memorable Santa Fe visit experience. Call us and let us help you find the best availablity and rates:
Red chile ristras are strung pods of dried red chile frequently displayed near arches, front doors and windows throughout New Mexico. They are iconic in Santa Fe for decorating, especially during harvest months- September and October. Holidays also are popular times and are symbolic of a warm, inviting “welcome.” Ristras have practical uses as well. Red Chile is the featured ingredient of delicious sauces, marinade, and traditional New Mexican culinary dishes.
New Mexico’s arid climate and abundant sunshine provide ideal conditions for annual chile crops which on average produce 80,000 tons a year. Late summer, early fall are unique times when large chile pepper crops are harvested and frequently picked fresh, roasted and eaten as green chile. When the fruit is left on the plant a little longer to ripen, it turns a vibrant red. This causes the fruit to completely change its properties and then is dried, crushed and eaten. Red chile is often strung up into chile ristras to dehydrate in the sun.
Traditional methods were to sun-dry fruits by laying them out, however, contamination among birds and rodents has prompted people to begin tying them together in strings and hanging them on walls, etc. However, you can still see rooftops of homes, stores covered in red chile for drying purposes – especially in the little town of Hatch NM! Hatch is known at the Chile Capital of the World and rightly so. It grows more green chile than anywhere on earth and its crops are highly sought after by locals and tourists alike! As ristras dry their color darkens to a subtle rusty red color. At this point, they are ready to use in cooking or as decoration as ristras!
Dried Red Chile Ristra as Decorations:
Fall traditions of Santa Fe, New Mexico include red chile ristras adorning farmer’s markets and roadside stands around the state. Red Chile Ristras are commonly used for decoration as seen with backgrounds of adobe brown buildings. They are said to bring health and good luck! Interested in taking a good luck chile ristra home with you? We invite you to enjoy the thrill of fall Santa Fe travel with the purpose of purchasing a red chile ristras for yourself. They make great gifts too! A visit to Santa Fe in fall is much more advised as boxing and mailing isn’t a preferred method in handeling these beauties! Thier vibrant red color makes for a memorable statement for welcomed guests. New Mexico’s arid dry climate provides a perfect showcase for these lovely hanging chiles, however they might not do so well back home. If visiting Santa Fe from a more humid state, your ristra may need to be treated with lacquer before taking it home. Lacquer will help preserve the chile from moisture in the air and avoid messes later on. We use Aquanet hairspray on ours- even in Santa Fe to highlight the color, prevent flying pests from enjoying the chile, and simply to provide a longer hanging life!
Dried Chile in Cooking
Use dried red chile in cooking, either crushed as powder or rehydrated, blended, boiled and then strained to make red chile sauce (also just called “red chile”). Red Chile, along with green chile, is a staple in traditional New Mexican cuisine! Red chile sauces can be ladled over dishes, such as enchiladas and tamales; used as base for stews, such as posole; or marinade for meats, as with carne adovada. Green chile, however, is most often used in soups, dips and chowders. Regardless of how you choose to use chile- red or green- it’s a New Mexico tradition! Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast is famous for thier “Pueblo Tamale” which is featured every morning for breakfast. How better to start your day than a red chile pork tamale with fresh fruit and coffee?
Art Studio Tours in September
Sept 4, 5, 6, 2015 10 am-5 pm
Taos Studio Tour – Radiates out of Taos (90 miles north of Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe on 84/285 through Espanola then 68 to Taos). Suggestions: Leave our inn early morning (9-10 would be advisable), head straight to Taos Studio Tour and enjoy breathtaking scenery on your drive! When finished at the art gallery tour, head home on the same route but stop: BLUE HERON – flight taste homebrew Beer; SUGARS BBQ – feast on best green chile cheeseburger in NM – honestly – no kiddin’!; wine taste at several excellent wineries (VIVAC, La Chipiradera, Black Mesa); then if there’s still time or energy, head to Chimayo, NM! Tour SANCTUARIO de CHIMAYO -largest pilgrimage in North America. Sanctuario dates back to 1600’s! Eat at RANCHO de CHIMAYO (best sopapillas in Northern NM) or stop at: ESTRELLA del NORTE Winery if you haven’t had enough fun for the day (sit enjoy the quiet, serene outdoor patio in a private oasis). GREAT TRIP!! ***** (5 STAR). Of course this trip can be taken anytime of the year even if Taos Studio Tour isn’t scheduled!
Pilar Studio Tour – The idyllic village of Pilar, NM is set on the banks of the Rio Grande! Pilar Artists open their homes, art galleries, and studios to showcase artwork in acrylic, oil, watercolor, pottery, ceramic, pastel, silk painting and fiber art. Pilar Artist profile and tour map available here. Combine this tour with the Taos Studio Art Tour above and it’s suggestions!
Sept 12, 13, 2015 10 am – 5 pm
Alameda Artist Studio Tour – The village of Alameda is located north of Albuquerque on your way to Santa Fe or from Santa Fe to Albuquerque! Sleepy, quaint this little village is certain to offer unique, interesting and fun artwork to see and enjoy! Suggestion: Add Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument to your day of exploration! You won’t be sorry J
Las Vegas Artist Studio Tour – North of Santa Fe along beautifully scenic I-25. Suggestions: Leave Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe early morning (after breakfast- don’t want to miss those famous red chile pork tamales!), drive to Las Vegas, NM passing gorgeous natural mountainous scenery and plain antelope herds! Enjoy the Las Vegas Artist Tour. Afterward, plan a visit to SALMAN RASPBERRY RANCH in La Cueva, NM- 50 minute drive (beautiful historic mill is located near raspberry fields for picking)- amazing photo ops! Return to Las Vegas. Eat at EL RIALTO (just of the Las Vegas Plaza); browse antique shops; get a drink at BYRON T’S SALOON in the historic PLAZA HOTEL; then head back home to Santa Fe, stop at LA RISA CAFE in Ribera NM for homemade pie, pie, pie- oh my!
Sept 19, 20, 2015 10 am- 5 pm
Pojoaque River Art Tour – Begin the Pojoaque River Art Tour at Than Povi Fine Art Gallery- 10 minute drive north of Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe on 285N into Pojoaque Pueblo. Suggestions: Combine Art Tour with visits to BANDELIER NATIONAL MONUMENT; SAN ILDEFONSO PUEBLO and/or the hispanic village of Chimayo, NM! Add a stop at ESTRELLA DEL NORTE vineyard (award winning wine-tasting); DON QUIOXTE Distillery for Worlds Famous Blue Corn Bourbon or Blue Corn Vodka tasting! Adding these suggestions should provide a fun, full, well rounded day of Northern New Mexico vacation exploration, art appreciation and scenic beauty – compliments of Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast inn– Santa Fe!
Pecos Art Studio Tour – Pecos Village is a short 15 minute drive south from PUEBLO BONITO BED AND BREAKFAST INN on I-25 North and is a favorite touring area for our Santa Fe visitors. Suggestions: Combine Pecos Art Tour with PECOS NATIONAL MONUMENT; then take a scenic drive north toward Pecos Wilderness with stops at PECOS FISH HATCHERY; BENEDICTIN MONASTARY; DALTON CANYON; TERERRO GENERAL STORE & RIDING STABLES (amazing hummingbird watching- such a treat!).
High Road Artisans New Mexico Art Tour – From Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast Inn -Santa Fe, take US 285/84N through Nambe, left on 98 to Chimayo, right on 76. This scenic 30 mile New Mexico artists tour is in it’s 18th year and features renowned artists. Various art forms from traditional to contemporary with mediums from paint to wood will be shown. This tour takes place over 2 weekends: Sept 19,20 and 26, 27! Don’t miss out- book your rooms now for best availability. Suggestions: See Taos Studio and Pilar Studio Tours to help round out a delightful day of Santa Fe touring Northern New Mexico art studios!
Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe in the heart of downtown is THE only Santa Fe accommodations with owners who have served Santa Fe travelers for 30 consecutive years. Their knowledge of Santa Fe and surrounding areas combined with the MOST unique property in downtown Santa Fe (an original adobe pueblo-style property dating to 1860) distinguishes Inn at Pueblo Bonito from all other Santa Fe Hotels and Bed and Breakfasts. Innkeepers- Amy and Herb Behm offer a wealth of information, insight, suggestions and hospitality that make a distinctively memorable Santa Fe vacation for US Travelers. Give them a call and book now: 1-800-461-4599 www.pueblobonitoinn.com
The Cross of the Martyrs is an easy, enjoyable, and often-overlooked historic monument site just northeast of downtown Santa Fe plaza. This iconic site is a great idea for guests of the Inn at Pueblo Bonito to enjoy during their Santa Fe vacation. The Cross of the Martyrs is excellent for an evening stroll, Sunday city view, or an anytime free history lesson of Old Santa Fe! The vantage point at the top offers dramatic views of The Plaza, the entire city and valley it’s located in, as well as a glorious sunset viewing! Among all of these views, the peek into the history of the oldest capital city in the United States is the best reason to make incorporate it into your Santa Fe to do list.
The walk or “hike” up to the top is not an arduous climb, but it does take moderate fitness. A consistent inclined brick walkway provides a series of switchbacks interspersed with steps that climb to the ridge above Paseo de Peralta in Hillside Park. The project was a gift to Santa Fe visitors made on it’s 375th anniversary (Santa Fe is currently over 400 years old as of 2015). Handrails and sure footing on the commemorative walkway are abundant with ample reasons to stop, read, and catch your breath; a series of display plaques offer interesting historical facts to provide momentary diversions from the climb. Remember that Santa Fe’s elevation is more than 7,000 feet above sea level.
The twenty chronologically ordered plaques give visitors a glimpse into the events shaping Santa Fe’s blending of primary cultures (Native American, Spanish and Anglo). The walk accurately paints a journey through history starting at 500 AD to our modern era. At the top of the walkway, a bricked plaza area reveals a steel cross – erected to honor the 21 Franciscan Friars killed in the Pueblo Revolt of 1680.
The Pueblo revolt of 1680 was organized at the Taos Pueblo and led by Popé – a San Juan Pueblo medicine man- and was a mass insurrection by natives of the area pueblos against the Spanish interests. Popé became the ruler of all the pueblos of New Mexico for a dozen years as result of the successful revolt that killed 400 Spaniards and caused the survivors to flee to El Paso del Norte (El Paso, TX.) While the revolt did not remove the Spanish from the area permanently, it did cause changes in the way the Spanish dealt with the Pueblo Indians after 1692.
A cobblestone platform surrounds the cross. The site is a wonderful place for reflection, to take in the city views, or to take sunset photos of Santa Fe. Picnic tables are available nearby, offering the opportunity to take extra time to just relax and enjoy the beauty of the place and moment.
Getting to The Cross of the Martyrs from the Inn at Pueblo Bonito is simple: a guest would head to the Plaza, taking East Palace Avenue to Paseo de Peralta. From there, you would go left on Paseo de Peralta and follow it past Tommy Mascione park (to your right) and the Santa Fe Girls Club. Just past the entrance to the Girls Club is the entrance to the walkway on your right side. Legal parking places are at a premium but can be found on the street surrounding Tommy Mascione park.
On Fiesta weekend, a candlelit procession to The Cross of the Martyrs from Saint Francis Cathedral occurs after a special Mass. Fiesta weekend is celebrated the weekend after Labor Day in Santa Fe, NM.
Did you know that the Spanish encountered over 100 Pueblo Indian Tribes while exploring five centuries ago? Did you know that from those 100-plus tribes, 19 are still separate, independent entities, speaking their own languages and maintaining distinct traditions in our state of New Mexico?
Did you know that some Pueblo communities (‘pueblo’ is the Spanish word for town) such as Taos (famous for its 1000-year-old, multi-story adobes), Acoma (glowing atop a red-rock mesa like a real-life City of Gold), and Santa Clara (home of the Puye Cliff Dwelling, which offers guided tours year-round)?
Did you know others like San Ildefonso or Santo Domingo allow visitors daily without tours? Or that others only welcome visitors on Feast Days, when costumed, body-painted dancers gather in their plazas to perform time-honored ceremonies? Native American culture and traditions are a big part of New Mexico history and southwest pride. Come join us to experience these ancient, intriguing and beautiful people who have a rich tradition to be shared with you in your visit to New Mexico.
Saturate yourself in rich historic tradition in our downtown Santa Fe bed and breakfast -the Inn at Pueblo Bonito! Our inn was orginally built in 1860 and was a West Texas Circuit Judge’s private estate. In fact, the only Indian bread oven or horno (“horno” is Spanish for bread oven) is located on the grounds of our historic bed and breakfast! So to create an authentic historic New Mexico travel experience, don’t just stay – experience traditional heritage at the Inn at Pueblo Bonito, Santa Fe.
Historic Santa Fe New Mexico- compliments of the Inn at Pueblo Bonito, Santa Fe.
Santa Fe is the capital of New Mexico and is the fourth-largest city in the state. Santa Fe is the oldest capital city in the United States and the oldest city in New Mexico. The meaning of Santa Fe is “holy faith” in Spanish. 2014 population was 68,298. The city was originally occupied by a number of Pueblo Indian villages with founding dates between 1050 to 1150. One of the earliest known settlements came sometime after 900, and is now known as Downtown Santa Fe. A Native American group built a cluster of homes that centered around the site of today’s Plaza and spread for half a mile to the south and west. The village was called Ogapoge. The Santa Fe River provided water to people and is a seasonal waterway which was a year round stream until the 1700s. In 2007, the river was recognized as the most endangered river in the United States, according to the conservation group American Rivers.
Don Juan de Oñate led the first effort to colonize the region in 1598, establishing Santa Fe de Nuevo México as a province of New Spain. Under Juan de Oñate and his son, the capital of the province was the settlement of San Juan de los Caballeros north of Santa Fe near modern Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo (aka San Juan Pueblo). New Mexico’s second Spanish governor, Don Pedro de Peralta, however, founded a new city at the foot of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in 1607. He called it La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asís (the Royal Town of the Holy Faith of Saint Francis of Assisi). In 1610, he made it the capital of the province, which it has almost constantly remained, making it the oldest state capital in the United States.
Santa Fe, 1846–1847
Except for the years 1680–1692, when, as a result of the Pueblo Revolt, the native Pueblo people drove the Spaniards out of the area known as New Mexico, later to be reconquered by Don Diego de Vargas, Santa Fe remained Spain’s provincial seat until the outbreak of the Mexican War of Independence in 1810. In 1824 the city’s status as the capital of the Mexican territory of Santa Fe de Nuevo México was formalized in the 1824 Constitution.
The Republic of Texas claimed Santa Fe as part of the western portion of Texas along the Rio Grande when it seceded from Mexico in 1836. In 1841, a small military and trading expedition set out from Austin, Texas, with the aim of gaining control over the Santa Fe Trail. Known as the Texan Santa Fe Expedition, the force was poorly prepared and was easily captured by the Mexican army. In 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico, and Brigadier General Stephen W. Kearny led the main body of his Army of the West of some 1,700 soldiers into the city to claim it and the whole New Mexico Territory for the United States. By 1848 the U.S. officially gained New Mexico through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Colonel Alexander William Doniphan, under the command of Kearny, recovered ammunition from Santa Fe labeled “Spain 1776”, showing both the quality of communication and military support New Mexico received under Mexican rule.
American visitors saw little promise in the remote town. One traveller in 1849 wrote:
Today, Santa Fe is a testament to such preservation of rich history as well as a monument to the strength and wealth an environment gains through hardship; the City Different is a true oasis in the desert.