Several Pueblo Indian villages dating back between 1050 and 1150 originally inhabited Santa Fe, the capitol of New Mexico. One of the earliest known settlements, considered today as downtown Santa Fe, was a cluster of homes centered on the location called “the plaza”. Named Ogapoge, this Native American village spread for half a mile to the south and west. The Santa Fe river - a seasonal water way – was once a year round stream until the 1700’s. The river was recognized in 2007 as the most endangered river in the United States according to the conservation group American Rivers.
The name “Santa Fe” literally translated from Spanish means “holy faith”. The full name when founded was “La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asis”- translated means “The Royal Town of the Holy Faith of St. Francis of Assisi”.
In 1851, Jean Baptiste-Lamy arrived in Santa Fe and began construction of Saint Francis Cathedral and establishing El Colegio de San Miguel. This centrally located church, recently renovated is still a vibrant ministry of the catholic community in Santa Fe. El Colegio de San Miguel took 7 years to recruit Christian Brothers from France. A solid Catholic education was highly sought after by affluent young men from throughout the area- one of which was William H Bonney (aka Billy the kid). In March of 1862, the Confederate flag of General Henry Sibley flew over Santa Fe for a few short days until defeated by Union troops.
Santa Fe was originally envisioned as an important stop on the Atchison Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. However, as tracks were laid into New Mexico, civil engineers concluded it to be more practical to go through Lamy (a small village south of the city of Santa Fe). A branch line was completed from Lamy to Santa Fe in 1880. Three original conductor homes made from red brick were erected for Railway personnel and still stand on the corner of Galisteo Street and Manhattan just across from Pueblo Bonito bed & breakfast inn. Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroads extended a narrow gauge, called the “Chili Line” from the nearby city of Espanola to Santa Fe in 1886. The result of bypassing Santa Fe however created a gradual economic decline. This economic decline was reversed in part when the creation of a number of resources for the arts and archaeology occurred.
Santa Fe became the headquarters for the School of American Archaeology mainly because the historic Palace of the Governors was provided for its homebase. The Museum of New Mexico was then established in 1909 as an agency of the school. Thus through the museum, the school took an early interest in promoting and preserving the artistic traditions of Southwestern Indians. Edger Lee Hewett (director of the school) and Kenneth M Chapman (an artist hired by Hewett), provided extensive support for Indian artists by offering studio facilities, as well as collecting and exhibiting their work. In 1922, the School sponsored the first Southwest Indian Fair, precursor of today’s world-renowned Santa Fe Indian Market which consistently features renowned artists like San Ildefonso black potter Maria Montoya Martinez.
1912 New Mexico became the 47thstate of the United State of America with Santa Fe as its capitol city. From1942-46, Los Alamos (40 minutes north of Santa Fe) was base to the Manhattan Project. Santa Fe assumed a vital role in providing support to non-essential military personnel with services, housing, provisions and entertainment. Manhattan Avenue (named after the project) is approximately three blocks south of Santa Fe’s plaza and connects to the rail yard district. This provided families with secure and convenient downtown Santa Fe housing while taking up residence in New Mexico and guarding Los Alamos. Pueblo Bonito bed & breakfast located at 138 W Manhattan was at that time apartments which provided George Sanders (Robert Oppenheimers personal body guard), his wife and infant daughter a comfortable home (see photos).
Today Santa Fe, NM is a well known center for arts that reflect the multicultural character of its inhabitants and the city. Santa Fe is generally considered to be the second largest art center in the United States after New York City. The city and surrounding areas have a high concentration of artists, which have come over the decades to capture the natural beauty of the landscape and essence of Native American culture. A well known New Mexico based painter was Georgia O’Keeffe, who lived in Santa Fe, but primarily in Abiquiu (a small village 50 miles from Santa Fe in Northern New Mexico). The Georgia O’Keeffe Museum in downtown Santa Fe is devoted to exhibitions of her work and associated artists or related themes. Opened in 2006, it holds over one thousand of her works in all media and is funded by a private foundation. O’Keeffe’s friend, well known western nature photographer Eliot Porter, died in Santa Fe.
Canyon Road, just a 5-minute stroll from Pueblo Bonito Inn is notorious for the large number and high quality of art galleries all within a mile stretch. Described by Santa Fe visitors as “an art lovers Disney land” this is a major destination for collectors, tourists and locals. Canyon Road Art Galleries showcase a wide variety of styles from contemporary to Southwestern to experimental and include but are not limited to European, Taos, Masters, and Native American pieces. Breath taking outdoor sculptures line the street and galleries feature notable sculptors connected with Santa Fe like Allen Houser, Doug Hyde (studied under Houser), and Glenna Goodacre. Is it a wonder that Santa Fe is a designated UNESCO Creative City, and is considered one the best places in the world to shop specifically for Native American Indian arts and crafts?
In 2011 Santa Fe, NM was voted #2 Destination by Conde Nast reader’s choice award and #5 Most Popular North American Travel Cities by Travel+Leisure Magazine for the 10th consecutive year.Santa Fe is undoubtedly one of the most unique US travel destinations offered to New Mexico visitors. Santa Fe tourists enjoy numerous activities and events including high quality arts and culture, top notch native cuisine, breathtaking natural beauty, nationally ranked spas and museums, world history, US history and New Mexico history just to mention a few. Nick named “the city different” for a reason, its a unique place every American should experience at least once in their lifetime. Be warned however, the lure of the relaxed, laid back “manana” culture is intoxicating. How else better to experience the old world charm of historic Santa Fe than in a 150 yr old adobe pueblo-style compound turned Santa b&b- Pueblo Bonito bed & breakfast inn. Call us today 1-800-461-4599 for a memorable historic Santa Fe vacation visit!
Credits: wikitravel.org as directly connected to pages from hot links provided; Santa Fe Countys Talk of the Town (Sea Bird Publications inc).
Next, you’ll pass the Pecos Fish Hatchery (in partial operation) which is off to the left and on your way to Dalton Canyon. The Dalton gang (four brothers) were some of the boldest and most feared outlaws in the southwest and were last sighted in New Mexico after attempting train robberies in California. Watch for the signs and turn right into Dalton Canyon. You will find a delightful backdrop of colorful canyon rock splashed smooth by the Pecos river water and pooled to create a local favorite swimming hole. Take a splash or make a splash by skipping a smooth river stone across this peaceful, neck deep swimming hole. Regardless the degree of your wet & wild enjoyment, this area provides a great photo moment.
At this point, one can begin the journey home to Santa Fe or head to Cowles, NM and hike the Cave Creek Trail (an appropriate family hike, 6 miles out and back if the caves are the turn-around point). Heavily used by hikers and horses, this trail is lined with large, aged Douglas firs, aspens and wildflowers. Left to the trip planner’s final designs, this day trip from Santa Fe is truly a delightful experience for the mind, body and soul compliments of Pueblo Bonito bed & breakfast inn.
This exciting day trip can easily include an optional hike, so bring proper shoes, bottled water, sun hat and screen and a map. An easy hour plus drive north from Santa Fe’s Pueblo Bonito bed & breakfast inn, takes you to one of the most beautiful red rock areas of Northern New Mexico. This naturally beautiful area was much of the inspiration for famous southwestern painter Georgia O’Keeffe. Begin this New Mexico day travel adventure, with your first stop at Bode’s General Store and pick up a few items for a picnic lunch. Great sandwiches are hand made at this well known locals general store. Phyllis- our resident Abiquiu expert highly recommends the BLTAT (bacon-lettuce-tomato-avocado and turkey- quite a mouthful if by name alone!). As sandwiches are prepared, take a quick gander across the street and up the hill where lies the Village of Abiquiu. Take time to stop and meet Napoleon Garcia, the official “area welcome center“. This colorful gentleman is an interesting story teller for as a child Napoleon worked for Georgia O’Keeffe. Sharing many a memory or tale about this intriguing woman and her life while he was a boy, you may gain a new perspective on Georgia. Next, hopping back in the car to continue down the road (toward the dam) to Abiquiu Lake. You will come upon a great picnic spot overlooking this 4,000-acre lake on the Chama River. A scenic high walled canyon of the Chama River runs above the main body of the lake which is about 3 miles long.Enjoy that tasty Bodas picnic lunch amongst the quiet, pristine beauty of this enchanting area. Don’t forget a photo or two as memories like this just aren’t available every day! After lunch head off to Ghost Ranch.
Hikers need to check out information on Chimney Rock, Box Canyon, Kitchen Mesa, or Piedra Lumbre hikes available at the Reception Desk of Ghost Ranch. Don’t want to hike? Then visit the living museum! A exhibit of conservation, ecology and heritage immortalized by the painter Georgia O’Keeffe. As you begin your return travel toward Santa Fe, don’t miss Echo Amphitheater. This natural stone amphitheater was hollowed out of sandstone by ages of erosion and is just down the road from Ghost Ranch. Still looking for more? Try the Christ in the Desert Monastery who’s church, meditation garden, gift shop and restrooms are open till 5:00 pm (take 151 and go about 15 miles). Now your day should be winding down so you need to head back home to Pueblo Bonito Inn for warm hospitality and some refreshing afternoon tea. This day trip provides a full or half day of exploration, beauty and New Mexico enchantment. Enjoy!
2011 Santa Fe Travel season has been phenomenal for us here at Pueblo Bonito bed & breakfast! We’ve had hundreds of enjoyable moments sharing past memories and stories with loyal return friends also known as our guests. So many new and interesting folks we’ve had the privilege of meeting and are now apart of our “Pueblo Bonito family”. Thank you everyone for your patronage, support and testimonies you share with friends, family, co workers, and neighbors of our little historic adobe inn here in the heart of old Santa Fe, New Mexico. The reason why we are so successful is because of you, and so we want you (our guest) to know we sincerely appreciate your patronage. To show our gratitude, we’ve extended our 25th Anniversary Special into September and October! Guests have openly expressed appreciation for this great value during these highly popular months and slower economic times…. so why stop a good thing? Don’t hesitate to give us a call or book online to join us for August, September and October:
- $138 Sun-Wed eves; $150 Thurs-Sat eves: Queen rooms (regularly $150/$160)
- $158 Sun-Wed eves; $170 Thur-Sat eves: Queen suites (regularly $170/$180)
- Special includes: Breakfast, Afternoon Tea, On-site Parking ($35 value), DSL & Wi-Fi. Tax excluded.
- Half block walk to Old Santa Fe trail featuring the San Miguel Mission, Oldest House, Loretto Chapel and Santa Fe Plaza.