Several Pueblo Indian villages dating back between 1050 and 1150 originally inhabited Santa Fe, the capitol of New Mexico. One of the earliest known settlements, considered today as downtown Santa Fe, was a cluster of homes centered on the location called “the plaza”. Named Ogapoge, this Native American village spread for half a mile to the south and west. The Santa Fe river - a seasonal water way – was once a year round stream until the 1700’s. The river was recognized in 2007 as the most endangered river in the United States according to the conservation group American Rivers.
The name “Santa Fe” literally translated from Spanish means “holy faith”. The full name when founded was “La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asis”- translated means “The Royal Town of the Holy Faith of St. Francis of Assisi”.
In 1851, Jean Baptiste-Lamy arrived in Santa Fe and began construction of Saint Francis Cathedral and establishing El Colegio de San Miguel. This centrally located church, recently renovated is still a vibrant ministry of the catholic community in Santa Fe. El Colegio de San Miguel took 7 years to recruit Christian Brothers from France. A solid Catholic education was highly sought after by affluent young men from throughout the area- one of which was William H Bonney (aka Billy the kid). In March of 1862, the Confederate flag of General Henry Sibley flew over Santa Fe for a few short days until defeated by Union troops.
Santa Fe was originally envisioned as an important stop on the Atchison Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. However, as tracks were laid into New Mexico, civil engineers concluded it to be more practical to go through Lamy (a small village south of the city of Santa Fe). A branch line was completed from Lamy to Santa Fe in 1880. Three original conductor homes made from red brick were erected for Railway personnel and still stand on the corner of Galisteo Street and Manhattan just across from Pueblo Bonito bed & breakfast inn. Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroads extended a narrow gauge, called the “Chili Line” from the nearby city of Espanola to Santa Fe in 1886. The result of bypassing Santa Fe however created a gradual economic decline. This economic decline was reversed in part when the creation of a number of resources for the arts and archaeology occurred.
Santa Fe became the headquarters for the School of American Archaeology mainly because the historic Palace of the Governors was provided for its homebase. The Museum of New Mexico was then established in 1909 as an agency of the school. Thus through the museum, the school took an early interest in promoting and preserving the artistic traditions of Southwestern Indians. Edger Lee Hewett (director of the school) and Kenneth M Chapman (an artist hired by Hewett), provided extensive support for Indian artists by offering studio facilities, as well as collecting and exhibiting their work. In 1922, the School sponsored the first Southwest Indian Fair, precursor of today’s world-renowned Santa Fe Indian Market which consistently features renowned artists like San Ildefonso black potter Maria Montoya Martinez.
1912 New Mexico became the 47thstate of the United State of America with Santa Fe as its capitol city. From1942-46, Los Alamos (40 minutes north of Santa Fe) was base to the Manhattan Project. Santa Fe assumed a vital role in providing support to non-essential military personnel with services, housing, provisions and entertainment. Manhattan Avenue (named after the project) is approximately three blocks south of Santa Fe’s plaza and connects to the rail yard district. This provided families with secure and convenient downtown Santa Fe housing while taking up residence in New Mexico and guarding Los Alamos. Pueblo Bonito bed & breakfast located at 138 W Manhattan was at that time apartments which provided George Sanders (Robert Oppenheimers personal body guard), his wife and infant daughter a comfortable home (see photos).
Today Santa Fe, NM is a well known center for arts that reflect the multicultural character of its inhabitants and the city. Santa Fe is generally considered to be the second largest art center in the United States after New York City. The city and surrounding areas have a high concentration of artists, which have come over the decades to capture the natural beauty of the landscape and essence of Native American culture. A well known New Mexico based painter was Georgia O’Keeffe, who lived in Santa Fe, but primarily in Abiquiu (a small village 50 miles from Santa Fe in Northern New Mexico). The Georgia O’Keeffe Museum in downtown Santa Fe is devoted to exhibitions of her work and associated artists or related themes. Opened in 2006, it holds over one thousand of her works in all media and is funded by a private foundation. O’Keeffe’s friend, well known western nature photographer Eliot Porter, died in Santa Fe.
Canyon Road, just a 5-minute stroll from Pueblo Bonito Inn is notorious for the large number and high quality of art galleries all within a mile stretch. Described by Santa Fe visitors as “an art lovers Disney land” this is a major destination for collectors, tourists and locals. Canyon Road Art Galleries showcase a wide variety of styles from contemporary to Southwestern to experimental and include but are not limited to European, Taos, Masters, and Native American pieces. Breath taking outdoor sculptures line the street and galleries feature notable sculptors connected with Santa Fe like Allen Houser, Doug Hyde (studied under Houser), and Glenna Goodacre. Is it a wonder that Santa Fe is a designated UNESCO Creative City, and is considered one the best places in the world to shop specifically for Native American Indian arts and crafts?
In 2011 Santa Fe, NM was voted #2 Destination by Conde Nast reader’s choice award and #5 Most Popular North American Travel Cities by Travel+Leisure Magazine for the 10th consecutive year.Santa Fe is undoubtedly one of the most unique US travel destinations offered to New Mexico visitors. Santa Fe tourists enjoy numerous activities and events including high quality arts and culture, top notch native cuisine, breathtaking natural beauty, nationally ranked spas and museums, world history, US history and New Mexico history just to mention a few. Nick named “the city different” for a reason, its a unique place every American should experience at least once in their lifetime. Be warned however, the lure of the relaxed, laid back “manana” culture is intoxicating. How else better to experience the old world charm of historic Santa Fe than in a 150 yr old adobe pueblo-style compound turned Santa b&b- Pueblo Bonito bed & breakfast inn. Call us today 1-800-461-4599 for a memorable historic Santa Fe vacation visit!
Credits: wikitravel.org as directly connected to pages from hot links provided; Santa Fe Countys Talk of the Town (Sea Bird Publications inc).
Next, you’ll pass the Pecos Fish Hatchery (in partial operation) which is off to the left and on your way to Dalton Canyon. The Dalton gang (four brothers) were some of the boldest and most feared outlaws in the southwest and were last sighted in New Mexico after attempting train robberies in California. Watch for the signs and turn right into Dalton Canyon. You will find a delightful backdrop of colorful canyon rock splashed smooth by the Pecos river water and pooled to create a local favorite swimming hole. Take a splash or make a splash by skipping a smooth river stone across this peaceful, neck deep swimming hole. Regardless the degree of your wet & wild enjoyment, this area provides a great photo moment.
At this point, one can begin the journey home to Santa Fe or head to Cowles, NM and hike the Cave Creek Trail (an appropriate family hike, 6 miles out and back if the caves are the turn-around point). Heavily used by hikers and horses, this trail is lined with large, aged Douglas firs, aspens and wildflowers. Left to the trip planner’s final designs, this day trip from Santa Fe is truly a delightful experience for the mind, body and soul compliments of Pueblo Bonito bed & breakfast inn.
This exciting day trip can easily include an optional hike, so bring proper shoes, bottled water, sun hat and screen and a map. An easy hour plus drive north from Santa Fe’s Pueblo Bonito bed & breakfast inn, takes you to one of the most beautiful red rock areas of Northern New Mexico. This naturally beautiful area was much of the inspiration for famous southwestern painter Georgia O’Keeffe. Begin this New Mexico day travel adventure, with your first stop at Bode’s General Store and pick up a few items for a picnic lunch. Great sandwiches are hand made at this well known locals general store. Phyllis- our resident Abiquiu expert highly recommends the BLTAT (bacon-lettuce-tomato-avocado and turkey- quite a mouthful if by name alone!). As sandwiches are prepared, take a quick gander across the street and up the hill where lies the Village of Abiquiu. Take time to stop and meet Napoleon Garcia, the official “area welcome center“. This colorful gentleman is an interesting story teller for as a child Napoleon worked for Georgia O’Keeffe. Sharing many a memory or tale about this intriguing woman and her life while he was a boy, you may gain a new perspective on Georgia. Next, hopping back in the car to continue down the road (toward the dam) to Abiquiu Lake. You will come upon a great picnic spot overlooking this 4,000-acre lake on the Chama River. A scenic high walled canyon of the Chama River runs above the main body of the lake which is about 3 miles long.Enjoy that tasty Bodas picnic lunch amongst the quiet, pristine beauty of this enchanting area. Don’t forget a photo or two as memories like this just aren’t available every day! After lunch head off to Ghost Ranch.
Hikers need to check out information on Chimney Rock, Box Canyon, Kitchen Mesa, or Piedra Lumbre hikes available at the Reception Desk of Ghost Ranch. Don’t want to hike? Then visit the living museum! A exhibit of conservation, ecology and heritage immortalized by the painter Georgia O’Keeffe. As you begin your return travel toward Santa Fe, don’t miss Echo Amphitheater. This natural stone amphitheater was hollowed out of sandstone by ages of erosion and is just down the road from Ghost Ranch. Still looking for more? Try the Christ in the Desert Monastery who’s church, meditation garden, gift shop and restrooms are open till 5:00 pm (take 151 and go about 15 miles). Now your day should be winding down so you need to head back home to Pueblo Bonito Inn for warm hospitality and some refreshing afternoon tea. This day trip provides a full or half day of exploration, beauty and New Mexico enchantment. Enjoy!
September- A Perfect Travel Month for Santa Fe, NM Visitors.
The perfect month for Santa Fe travel, in my opinion is September (and into October!). This is somewhat of a secret to potential visitors. Don’t get me wrong, New Mexico travel is popular during the pre-fall and fall months but what many folks don’t realize is how enchanting Santa Fe really is during these short 60 days (October is not to be over looked!). September Santa Fe visitors enjoy cooler temperatures, reduced crowds, carefree attitudes as well as bountiful outdoor markets, Santa Fe Fiesta festivities and glorious natural beauty. While many US families begin preparing for school routines, value conscious travelers make time to take advantage of this distinctively unique area of the United States. Old historic downtown Santa Fe fills up with art fairs, festivals, and local residents returning to their beloved plaza. Outdoorsmen adore September’s natural beauty which announce the beginnings of rich colors of fall foliage (October) up in the Sangre de Cristo mountains. Hikers take to gentle stream lined trails in Hyde Park National Forest. Northern New Mexico tourists enjoy distinctively unique day trips searching out unexplored areas of Native American and Hispanic cultures. All activities and special Santa Fe events are within miles of downtown Santa Fe which boasts gracious southwestern hospitality and local New Mexican cuisine. September Santa Fe visitors unanimously agree this is a prime time to experience “the land of enchantment.” A short listing of Santa Fe events have been provided for your perusing pleasure. Be careful- as you may find yourself feeling like that lone child in the candy isle with so many tantalizing selections to choose from. Pueblo Bonito bed & breakfast inn invites you to enjoy an invigorating, yet relaxing, memorable visit to our beloved Northern New Mexico city of Santa Fe. You’ll be glad you did!
September Events in Santa Fe, NM (Not limited to…..)
Santa Fe Artist Market Shows -every Saturday thru October.
The Flea-every weekend in Sept & Oct. 150+ Vendors of Vintage, New, Arts, Crafts, Farm Products and more. Free shuttle from Santa Fe Plaza to Downs at Santa Fe. 9-3pm.
Fine Arts and Crafts Market- Labor day weekend features on the historic Santa Fe plaza.
Abiquiu Art Tour- Sept 5- easy 50 minute drive from Pueblo Bonito bed & breakfast inn.
Aspen Santa Fe Ballet ENCORE- Sept 3 at 8:00 at Lensic Theatre
Zozobra-Sept 8 begins at sundown and ushers in Santa Fe’s Fiesta celebration- Sept 10, 11! First Burning of “Old Man Gloom” at Ft Marcy Park; then 3 full days of dancing, eating and merry making on the plaza.
Cook with the Chef- Thursdays thru Oct. Get to know a Santa Fe chef who will prepare a delightful offering with you in the kitchen.
Northern New Mexico Arts & Crafts Guild Art Show- September 24 & 25, 2011 in Cathedral Park
Free Admission Friday Eves at a Museum! Choose from the International Folk Art or Indian Arts & Culture at Museum Hill; New Mexico History or New Mexico Museum of Art in downtown Santa Fe. 5-8 pm.
Santa Fe Wine & Chile Fiesta- September 21-25. An outdoor wine & chili. tasting extravaganza for the cuisine enthusiast.
10th consecutive year- Santa Fe Voted One of the Most Popular North American Travel Cities!
“In polls over the years Santa Fe has been consistently rated as a travel destination on a par with New York, San Francisco, Chicago, New Orleans, and Vancouver among others,” said Jim Bradbury, Executive Director of the Santa Fe Convention & Visitors Bureau. “Visitors are seeking something genuine and original in their travels and Santa Fe’s history, culture, people, and attractions provide that authenticity. In addition, the city delivers a high degree of customer service that keeps travelers returning to Santa Fe.”
Of Santa Fe, Travel+Leisure said: “…in this ever-changing city… thick-walled adobe buildings nearly 400 years old stand cheek-by-jowl with avant-garde art galleries and edgy modern restaurants. It’s a reminder that, despite its vibrant population of skiers and hikers, painters and photographers, alternative healers, and hippies, this city is strongly connected to its Spanish-Native American heritage–and to the pristine landscape that surrounds it.”
So, book your next vacation in beautiful Santa Fe and experience all it’s old world charm while staying at the historic Pueblo Bonito Inn. See you soon!
Cities were rated on six criteria: sights, culture/arts, restaurants/food, people, shopping, and value. Scores were compiled using a 1 to 5 rating of each category. A minimum number of responses was required for a city to be eligible for inclusion in the awards listings. Results appear in the magazine’s August, 2011 issue.
Once again, Santa Fe is included in national publication “Travel + Leisure magazine” in thier “World’s Best Awards” list of top 10 favorite United States and Canadian travel destinations. For 2011, Santa Fe ranked fifth as the most-popular travel city in North America by the magazine’s travel-savvy public.