Whether a first time or multiple Santa Fe visitor, there are endless reasons for returning to New Mexico’s premier travel destination and Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast inn. Numerous traditional, diverse and unique experiences await Santa Fe travelers which can include – but are not limited to: Art, Art and More World Class Art; Galleries; Markets; Festivals; Opera; Chamber Music; Restaurants; Skiing Santa Fe; Canyon Rd; Shopping the Plaza; Hiking National Parks; Native American History and Culture; Color changing of Aspens; and so many more – it’s impossible to list them all!
To enhance popular suggestions for Santa Fe Travelers, we add the art of native New Mexico cuisine and offer two current Santa Fe Travel suggestions to consider this fall, winter and holiday season:
Walking distance from Inn at Pueblo Bonito – Santa Fe in downtown is the relatively new Savory Spice Shop. Savory Spice Shop offers a new culinary option focusing on seasonal harvest items and spices in a unique cooking environment. Classes include canning, pickling and general spicing up your cooking life are available. Current cooking class offerings as of the publication of this blog are as follows:
Wednesday, September 23rd at 6:00: Spice 101: Learn World Food through Spices! Explore the world of food through different spices while enjoy dinner and learning information on over 100 different spices. Perfect class for novices and experts delving into history, flavor profiles, and uses. Great information to take home and apply to any cuisine!
Sunday, September 27th at 4:30pm: Seafood! Seafood! Seafood!
Learn to make two scrumptious spicy seafood meals -Sesame Coconut Shrimp with Zesty Asian Slaw and Seared Tuna with Wasabi Cream and Singapore Noodle Salad. To die for!
For additional Savory Spice Shop class offerings please check out their blog post or Call (505) 819-5659.
Approximately one mile from Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe’s doorstep, is Santa Fe School of Cooking. Four fundamental classes on traditional New Mexico foods are the heart of Santa Fe School of Cooking. Experience delicious local cuisine as well as local cooking techniques and lore of the region. Warm, spicy tastes and enticing aromas evoke Santa Fe’s rich cultural traditions. Please register directly at Santa Fe School of Cooking.
Traditional New Mexican I (Trad I):
This class includes: corn tortillas, cheese enchiladas with red chile sauce, chicken enchiladas with green chile sauce, pinto beans, posole, and capirotada (bread pudding). Demonstration Class, 3-hours.
September 17, 2015 – 10:00am
October 31, 2015 – 10:00am
November 24, 2015 – 10:00am
December 21, 2015 – 10:00am
Traditional New Mexican II (Trad II):
To include: flour tortillas, carne adovada (red chile marinated pork), chile rellenos, calabacitas (green chile, squash, corn), refritos, and sopapillas. Demonstration Class, 3-hours.
September 22, 2015 – 10:00am
October 13, 2015 – 10:00am
December 04, 2015 – 10:00am
December 29, 2015 – 10:00am
Traditional New Mexican III (Trad III):
To include: Classic New Mexican green chile stew, blue corn and green chile muffins, piñon butter, quesadillas, salsa fresca and rich natillas. Demonstration Class, 3-hours.
October 10, 2015 – 10:00am
November 12, 2015 – 10:00am
Traditional New Mexican IV (Trad IV):
A “new” class highlighting traditional New Mexican foods: green chile and chico soup, beef carnitas served on a gordita, corn on the cob with cilantro lime butter, pickled jalapeno cabbage slaw and bizcochitos (New Mexico’s official state cookie!) with cajeta. Demonstration Class, 3-hours.
November 28, 2015 – 10:00am
Tamales l (Tamales I):**
3 hours devoted to the art of making traditional tamales! Highlighting different tamale techniques -red chile pork, Southern Mexican chicken in banana leaf and blue corn calabacita (vegan). Accompanied by authentic New Mexican red chile sauce. Make your own tamales and enjoy the fruits of your labor at the end of class! Limited to 16 people.
September 13, 2015 – 11:00am
October 06, 2015 – 2:00pm
October 11, 2015 – 11:00am
November 07, 2015 – 3:00pm
November 15, 2015 – 11:00am
November 28, 2015 – 2:00pm
December 05, 2015 – 3:00pm
December 20, 2015 – 11:00am
December 27, 2015 – 2:00pm
December 31, 2015 – 10:00am
**Tamale class is one of our favorite suggestions for guests of Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast Santa Fe, NM– as our signature breakfast item “Pueblo Tamales” are traditional red chile pork tamales- a true Guest Favorite!**
Late Fall New Mexico Art Studio Tours are as follows:
Blog compliments of Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast- Santa Fe– 1-800-461-4599
October 3,4, 2015 10 am- 5 pm
El Rito Studio Tour
Madrid & Cerrillos Studio Tour also Oct 10, 11, 2015
October 10,11, 2015
Abiquiu Studio Tour
October 17, 18, 205 10 am- 5 pm
Los Alamos Artist Studio Tour
Red Dot Art Weekend and Oct 10, 11, 12, 2015
Galisteo Studio Tour
October 23, 2015 3 pm – 7 pm; October 224, 2015 9 am – 5 pm
Eldorado Fall Artist Studio Show
November 7, 8 ,2015 9 am- 5 pm
Dixon Studio Tour
Late Fall artist’s studio tours are so much fun and visiting these special small villages and towns brings a whole new dimension and appreciation for local culture, art and cuisine! Let us make your October New Mexico Artist Studio Tour special with the following suggestions:
Abiquiu: Always a daytrip treat filled with breath taking scenery. Georgia O’Keeffe house tours could be possible and don’t forget Bode’s General Store– a great place to stop for homemade soup!
El Rito: What an amazing find this little Northern New Mexico village! Must see: historic El Rito church and sanctuary. Must Eat: El Farolito- best green chile in the state of NM! We recommend green chile chicken enchiladas with sour cream- mucho bueno. Bring cash- credit cards don’t go far in this remote little Northern New Mexico
village! After El Rito Studio tour, head toward Abiquiu via County Rd 155W and off to the north side you can see hints of eerie pastel white/grey limestone rock formations similiar to those known as the Plaza Blanca or “White Place”. See our blog on Plaza Blanca for more information!
Los Alamos: Visit the Bradbury Science Museum which documents the development of the atom bomb- very, very interesting. Bandelier National Monument (Must See)- ancient cliff dwellings, petroglyphs and Indian ruins.
October is a gorgeous time of year to visit New Mexico! Aspens on the Sangre de Cristos are only 16 mile drive from Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast door step! Fall colors, hiking, art tours as well as Balloon Fiesta are all things to do in Santa Fe in 2015 October Santa Fe visits! Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast offers outstanding October lodging specials too! All 19 room feature in-room kiva wood burning fireplaces to create a truly memorable Santa Fe visit experience. Call us and let us help you find the best availablity and rates:
Red chile ristras are strung pods of dried red chile frequently displayed near arches, front doors and windows throughout New Mexico. They are iconic in Santa Fe for decorating, especially during harvest months- September and October. Holidays also are popular times and are symbolic of a warm, inviting “welcome.” Ristras have practical uses as well. Red Chile is the featured ingredient of delicious sauces, marinade, and traditional New Mexican culinary dishes.
New Mexico’s arid climate and abundant sunshine provide ideal conditions for annual chile crops which on average produce 80,000 tons a year. Late summer, early fall are unique times when large chile pepper crops are harvested and frequently picked fresh, roasted and eaten as green chile. When the fruit is left on the plant a little longer to ripen, it turns a vibrant red. This causes the fruit to completely change its properties and then is dried, crushed and eaten. Red chile is often strung up into chile ristras to dehydrate in the sun.
Traditional methods were to sun-dry fruits by laying them out, however, contamination among birds and rodents has prompted people to begin tying them together in strings and hanging them on walls, etc. However, you can still see rooftops of homes, stores covered in red chile for drying purposes – especially in the little town of Hatch NM! Hatch is known at the Chile Capital of the World and rightly so. It grows more green chile than anywhere on earth and its crops are highly sought after by locals and tourists alike! As ristras dry their color darkens to a subtle rusty red color. At this point, they are ready to use in cooking or as decoration as ristras!
Dried Red Chile Ristra as Decorations:
Fall traditions of Santa Fe, New Mexico include red chile ristras adorning farmer’s markets and roadside stands around the state. Red Chile Ristras are commonly used for decoration as seen with backgrounds of adobe brown buildings. They are said to bring health and good luck! Interested in taking a good luck chile ristra home with you? We invite you to enjoy the thrill of fall Santa Fe travel with the purpose of purchasing a red chile ristras for yourself. They make great gifts too! A visit to Santa Fe in fall is much more advised as boxing and mailing isn’t a preferred method in handeling these beauties! Thier vibrant red color makes for a memorable statement for welcomed guests. New Mexico’s arid dry climate provides a perfect showcase for these lovely hanging chiles, however they might not do so well back home. If visiting Santa Fe from a more humid state, your ristra may need to be treated with lacquer before taking it home. Lacquer will help preserve the chile from moisture in the air and avoid messes later on. We use Aquanet hairspray on ours- even in Santa Fe to highlight the color, prevent flying pests from enjoying the chile, and simply to provide a longer hanging life!
Dried Chile in Cooking
Use dried red chile in cooking, either crushed as powder or rehydrated, blended, boiled and then strained to make red chile sauce (also just called “red chile”). Red Chile, along with green chile, is a staple in traditional New Mexican cuisine! Red chile sauces can be ladled over dishes, such as enchiladas and tamales; used as base for stews, such as posole; or marinade for meats, as with carne adovada. Green chile, however, is most often used in soups, dips and chowders. Regardless of how you choose to use chile- red or green- it’s a New Mexico tradition! Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast is famous for thier “Pueblo Tamale” which is featured every morning for breakfast. How better to start your day than a red chile pork tamale with fresh fruit and coffee?
New Mexico Landscape – Plaza Blanca
Like many Northern New Mexico landscapes, Plaza Blanca is simply amazingly breathtaking! Sorry folks if more of a description is needed, but honestly it’s hard to describe. It’s unique. It’s surreal. It’s amazing and pictures just don’t do it justice. Pastel white/grey sandstone formations, offset with crystal cobalt blue New Mexico skies are extra special. Something seasoned Santa Fe visitors don‘t want to miss on their New Mexico vacation.
Experts on New Mexico Attractions
As Innkeeper of Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast inn- Santa Fe for over 31+ years, a native New Mexico born/ bred resident and Santa Fean for over 54 consecutive years, I am referred to as an expert in Northern New Mexico visitor travel recommendations. A title given to me by our guests! Guests returned year after year to Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast inn for our unique Santa Fe accommodations and numerous other reasons. One of which is: our extensive and professional knowledge of the area. Rather than spending time acclimating to the area, then upon leaving realize all the things they didn’t get to do, our guests appreciate wise suggestions, tips, and New Mexico tourism recommendations. Helping guests skillfully create distinctively unique daily travel plans to experience today the things they will remember and cherish forever is gratifying! We serve thousands of return guests which can be a challenge, especially those returning multiple times each year! However, we try to rise to their challenge and provide unique local insights for new things to do, see and explore. Another top reason our guests return is their feeling of being “at home”- one of the very best compliment we could ever receive!
That being said, we have a great recommendation for the seasoned Santa Fe visitor:
Located in the Rio Chama River Valley of the Carson National Forest, north of Santa Fe on your way to Abiquiu, is an eerie pastel whitish/grey limestone rock formation known as the Plaza Blanca – or the “White Place.” Its 60-foot-high obelisks and out of this world spires have been the subject of many photographs and works of art over the years, including Georgia O’Keeffe’s 1940 painting entitled “The White Place.”
The Plaza Blanca’s unusual landscape invites contemplation. Many visitors have stated that the white stone towering pillars and gnome-like hoodoos feel almost spiritual in nature. Getting to the surrealistic cliffs and columns of Plaza Blanca requires good hiking shoes. There is a three or four mile trail leading to it through New Mexico badlands, up steep washes and over mesa tops. The terrain which is best described as desolate, is marked only by an occasional Cholla cactus and Tamarisk plant. We suggest plenty of sunscreen, water and batteries for your digital camera! Location of Plaza Blanca is approximately 18 miles south of Ghost Ranch, within hiking distance of Dar al Islam. It is also near the Plaza Blanco Ranch at 41174 Fictitious Street, Abiquiu, New Mexico 87510. Plaza Blanca can be seen from U.S. Highway 84 to the north when approaching Abiquiu from the east. The trailhead begins at the end of the El Rito Road turnoff.Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast is Santa Fe, New Mexico’s premier historic, adobe, pueblo-style downtown Santa Fe bed and breakfast. Innkeepers- Amy & Herb Behm and staff have over 100+ years of New Mexico residential experience and are professionals in providing warm, inviting, Northern New Mexico hospitality. Let them help you create a memorable historic Santa Fe experience! 1-800-461-4599 or www.pueblobonitoinn.com
Art Studio Tours in September
Sept 4, 5, 6, 2015 10 am-5 pm
Taos Studio Tour – Radiates out of Taos (90 miles north of Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe on 84/285 through Espanola then 68 to Taos). Suggestions: Leave our inn early morning (9-10 would be advisable), head straight to Taos Studio Tour and enjoy breathtaking scenery on your drive! When finished at the art gallery tour, head home on the same route but stop: BLUE HERON – flight taste homebrew Beer; SUGARS BBQ – feast on best green chile cheeseburger in NM – honestly – no kiddin’!; wine taste at several excellent wineries (VIVAC, La Chipiradera, Black Mesa); then if there’s still time or energy, head to Chimayo, NM! Tour SANCTUARIO de CHIMAYO -largest pilgrimage in North America. Sanctuario dates back to 1600’s! Eat at RANCHO de CHIMAYO (best sopapillas in Northern NM) or stop at: ESTRELLA del NORTE Winery if you haven’t had enough fun for the day (sit enjoy the quiet, serene outdoor patio in a private oasis). GREAT TRIP!! ***** (5 STAR). Of course this trip can be taken anytime of the year even if Taos Studio Tour isn’t scheduled!
Pilar Studio Tour – The idyllic village of Pilar, NM is set on the banks of the Rio Grande! Pilar Artists open their homes, art galleries, and studios to showcase artwork in acrylic, oil, watercolor, pottery, ceramic, pastel, silk painting and fiber art. Pilar Artist profile and tour map available here. Combine this tour with the Taos Studio Art Tour above and it’s suggestions!
Sept 12, 13, 2015 10 am – 5 pm
Alameda Artist Studio Tour – The village of Alameda is located north of Albuquerque on your way to Santa Fe or from Santa Fe to Albuquerque! Sleepy, quaint this little village is certain to offer unique, interesting and fun artwork to see and enjoy! Suggestion: Add Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument to your day of exploration! You won’t be sorry J
Las Vegas Artist Studio Tour – North of Santa Fe along beautifully scenic I-25. Suggestions: Leave Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe early morning (after breakfast- don’t want to miss those famous red chile pork tamales!), drive to Las Vegas, NM passing gorgeous natural mountainous scenery and plain antelope herds! Enjoy the Las Vegas Artist Tour. Afterward, plan a visit to SALMAN RASPBERRY RANCH in La Cueva, NM- 50 minute drive (beautiful historic mill is located near raspberry fields for picking)- amazing photo ops! Return to Las Vegas. Eat at EL RIALTO (just of the Las Vegas Plaza); browse antique shops; get a drink at BYRON T’S SALOON in the historic PLAZA HOTEL; then head back home to Santa Fe, stop at LA RISA CAFE in Ribera NM for homemade pie, pie, pie- oh my!
Sept 19, 20, 2015 10 am- 5 pm
Pojoaque River Art Tour – Begin the Pojoaque River Art Tour at Than Povi Fine Art Gallery- 10 minute drive north of Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe on 285N into Pojoaque Pueblo. Suggestions: Combine Art Tour with visits to BANDELIER NATIONAL MONUMENT; SAN ILDEFONSO PUEBLO and/or the hispanic village of Chimayo, NM! Add a stop at ESTRELLA DEL NORTE vineyard (award winning wine-tasting); DON QUIOXTE Distillery for Worlds Famous Blue Corn Bourbon or Blue Corn Vodka tasting! Adding these suggestions should provide a fun, full, well rounded day of Northern New Mexico vacation exploration, art appreciation and scenic beauty – compliments of Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast inn– Santa Fe!
Pecos Art Studio Tour – Pecos Village is a short 15 minute drive south from PUEBLO BONITO BED AND BREAKFAST INN on I-25 North and is a favorite touring area for our Santa Fe visitors. Suggestions: Combine Pecos Art Tour with PECOS NATIONAL MONUMENT; then take a scenic drive north toward Pecos Wilderness with stops at PECOS FISH HATCHERY; BENEDICTIN MONASTARY; DALTON CANYON; TERERRO GENERAL STORE & RIDING STABLES (amazing hummingbird watching- such a treat!).
High Road Artisans New Mexico Art Tour – From Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast Inn -Santa Fe, take US 285/84N through Nambe, left on 98 to Chimayo, right on 76. This scenic 30 mile New Mexico artists tour is in it’s 18th year and features renowned artists. Various art forms from traditional to contemporary with mediums from paint to wood will be shown. This tour takes place over 2 weekends: Sept 19,20 and 26, 27! Don’t miss out- book your rooms now for best availability. Suggestions: See Taos Studio and Pilar Studio Tours to help round out a delightful day of Santa Fe touring Northern New Mexico art studios!
Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe in the heart of downtown is THE only Santa Fe accommodations with owners who have served Santa Fe travelers for 30 consecutive years. Their knowledge of Santa Fe and surrounding areas combined with the MOST unique property in downtown Santa Fe (an original adobe pueblo-style property dating to 1860) distinguishes Inn at Pueblo Bonito from all other Santa Fe Hotels and Bed and Breakfasts. Innkeepers- Amy and Herb Behm offer a wealth of information, insight, suggestions and hospitality that make a distinctively memorable Santa Fe vacation for US Travelers. Give them a call and book now: 1-800-461-4599 www.pueblobonitoinn.com
New Mexico is rich in history, thankfully, there are numerous museums in Santa Fe that allow you to explore that history through art and culture. Check out our list below!
Santa Fe Museums
Georgia O’Keeffe Museum – 217 Johnson Street, Santa Fe, New Mexico 505-946-1000
Museum of Contemporary Native Arts – 108 Cathedral Place, Santa Fe, NM 505-983-1777
New Mexico History Museum – 113 Lincoln Ave, Santa Fe, New Mexico 505-476-5200
New Mexico Museum of Art – 107 W Palace Ave, Santa Fe, NM 505-476-5072
Palace of the Governors – 113 Lincoln Ave, Santa Fe, NM 505-476-5200
Museum of Indian Arts & Culture – Museum Hill 710 Camino Lejo @ Museum Hill Santa Fe New Mexico 505-476-1250
Museum of International Folk Art – 706 Camino Lejo @ Museum Hill Santa FE NM 505-476-1200
Museum of Spanish Colonial Art – 750 Camino Lejo @ Museum Hill Santa FE NM 505-982-2226
Wheelwright Museum of the American Indian – 704 Camino Lejo @ Museum Hill Santa FE NM 505-982-4636
Santa Fe Botanical Garden 715 Camino Lejo @ Museum Hill 505-471-9103
Center for Contemporary Arts 1050 Old Pecos Trail Santa Fe NM 505-982-1338
Never a dull moment for Santa Fe Travelers! Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe prides itself in providing historic Santa Fe accommodations, warm hospitality and valuable assistance in designing your Santa Fe New Mexico tour explorations (free of charge with stay!). Details make the difference between a nice vacation get a way and a memorable experience to last a life time! Call us today at: 1-800-461-4599
Compliments of Inn at Pueblo Bonito- Santa Fe, NM
“Guests Most Favorite Santa Fe bed breakfast”- 2011, 2012, 2013
The Cross of the Martyrs is an easy, enjoyable, and often-overlooked historic monument site just northeast of downtown Santa Fe plaza. This iconic site is a great idea for guests of the Inn at Pueblo Bonito to enjoy during their Santa Fe vacation. The Cross of the Martyrs is excellent for an evening stroll, Sunday city view, or an anytime free history lesson of Old Santa Fe! The vantage point at the top offers dramatic views of The Plaza, the entire city and valley it’s located in, as well as a glorious sunset viewing! Among all of these views, the peek into the history of the oldest capital city in the United States is the best reason to make incorporate it into your Santa Fe to do list.
The walk or “hike” up to the top is not an arduous climb, but it does take moderate fitness. A consistent inclined brick walkway provides a series of switchbacks interspersed with steps that climb to the ridge above Paseo de Peralta in Hillside Park. The project was a gift to Santa Fe visitors made on it’s 375th anniversary (Santa Fe is currently over 400 years old as of 2015). Handrails and sure footing on the commemorative walkway are abundant with ample reasons to stop, read, and catch your breath; a series of display plaques offer interesting historical facts to provide momentary diversions from the climb. Remember that Santa Fe’s elevation is more than 7,000 feet above sea level.
The twenty chronologically ordered plaques give visitors a glimpse into the events shaping Santa Fe’s blending of primary cultures (Native American, Spanish and Anglo). The walk accurately paints a journey through history starting at 500 AD to our modern era. At the top of the walkway, a bricked plaza area reveals a steel cross – erected to honor the 21 Franciscan Friars killed in the Pueblo Revolt of 1680.
The Pueblo revolt of 1680 was organized at the Taos Pueblo and led by Popé – a San Juan Pueblo medicine man- and was a mass insurrection by natives of the area pueblos against the Spanish interests. Popé became the ruler of all the pueblos of New Mexico for a dozen years as result of the successful revolt that killed 400 Spaniards and caused the survivors to flee to El Paso del Norte (El Paso, TX.) While the revolt did not remove the Spanish from the area permanently, it did cause changes in the way the Spanish dealt with the Pueblo Indians after 1692.
A cobblestone platform surrounds the cross. The site is a wonderful place for reflection, to take in the city views, or to take sunset photos of Santa Fe. Picnic tables are available nearby, offering the opportunity to take extra time to just relax and enjoy the beauty of the place and moment.
Getting to The Cross of the Martyrs from the Inn at Pueblo Bonito is simple: a guest would head to the Plaza, taking East Palace Avenue to Paseo de Peralta. From there, you would go left on Paseo de Peralta and follow it past Tommy Mascione park (to your right) and the Santa Fe Girls Club. Just past the entrance to the Girls Club is the entrance to the walkway on your right side. Legal parking places are at a premium but can be found on the street surrounding Tommy Mascione park.
On Fiesta weekend, a candlelit procession to The Cross of the Martyrs from Saint Francis Cathedral occurs after a special Mass. Fiesta weekend is celebrated the weekend after Labor Day in Santa Fe, NM.
Did you know that the Spanish encountered over 100 Pueblo Indian Tribes while exploring five centuries ago? Did you know that from those 100-plus tribes, 19 are still separate, independent entities, speaking their own languages and maintaining distinct traditions in our state of New Mexico?
Did you know that some Pueblo communities (‘pueblo’ is the Spanish word for town) such as Taos (famous for its 1000-year-old, multi-story adobes), Acoma (glowing atop a red-rock mesa like a real-life City of Gold), and Santa Clara (home of the Puye Cliff Dwelling, which offers guided tours year-round)?
Did you know others like San Ildefonso or Santo Domingo allow visitors daily without tours? Or that others only welcome visitors on Feast Days, when costumed, body-painted dancers gather in their plazas to perform time-honored ceremonies? Native American culture and traditions are a big part of New Mexico history and southwest pride. Come join us to experience these ancient, intriguing and beautiful people who have a rich tradition to be shared with you in your visit to New Mexico.
Saturate yourself in rich historic tradition in our downtown Santa Fe bed and breakfast -the Inn at Pueblo Bonito! Our inn was orginally built in 1860 and was a West Texas Circuit Judge’s private estate. In fact, the only Indian bread oven or horno (“horno” is Spanish for bread oven) is located on the grounds of our historic bed and breakfast! So to create an authentic historic New Mexico travel experience, don’t just stay – experience traditional heritage at the Inn at Pueblo Bonito, Santa Fe.
Historic Santa Fe New Mexico- compliments of the Inn at Pueblo Bonito, Santa Fe.
Santa Fe is the capital of New Mexico and is the fourth-largest city in the state. Santa Fe is the oldest capital city in the United States and the oldest city in New Mexico. The meaning of Santa Fe is “holy faith” in Spanish. 2014 population was 68,298. The city was originally occupied by a number of Pueblo Indian villages with founding dates between 1050 to 1150. One of the earliest known settlements came sometime after 900, and is now known as Downtown Santa Fe. A Native American group built a cluster of homes that centered around the site of today’s Plaza and spread for half a mile to the south and west. The village was called Ogapoge. The Santa Fe River provided water to people and is a seasonal waterway which was a year round stream until the 1700s. In 2007, the river was recognized as the most endangered river in the United States, according to the conservation group American Rivers.
Don Juan de Oñate led the first effort to colonize the region in 1598, establishing Santa Fe de Nuevo México as a province of New Spain. Under Juan de Oñate and his son, the capital of the province was the settlement of San Juan de los Caballeros north of Santa Fe near modern Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo (aka San Juan Pueblo). New Mexico’s second Spanish governor, Don Pedro de Peralta, however, founded a new city at the foot of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in 1607. He called it La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asís (the Royal Town of the Holy Faith of Saint Francis of Assisi). In 1610, he made it the capital of the province, which it has almost constantly remained, making it the oldest state capital in the United States.
Santa Fe, 1846–1847
Except for the years 1680–1692, when, as a result of the Pueblo Revolt, the native Pueblo people drove the Spaniards out of the area known as New Mexico, later to be reconquered by Don Diego de Vargas, Santa Fe remained Spain’s provincial seat until the outbreak of the Mexican War of Independence in 1810. In 1824 the city’s status as the capital of the Mexican territory of Santa Fe de Nuevo México was formalized in the 1824 Constitution.
The Republic of Texas claimed Santa Fe as part of the western portion of Texas along the Rio Grande when it seceded from Mexico in 1836. In 1841, a small military and trading expedition set out from Austin, Texas, with the aim of gaining control over the Santa Fe Trail. Known as the Texan Santa Fe Expedition, the force was poorly prepared and was easily captured by the Mexican army. In 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico, and Brigadier General Stephen W. Kearny led the main body of his Army of the West of some 1,700 soldiers into the city to claim it and the whole New Mexico Territory for the United States. By 1848 the U.S. officially gained New Mexico through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Colonel Alexander William Doniphan, under the command of Kearny, recovered ammunition from Santa Fe labeled “Spain 1776”, showing both the quality of communication and military support New Mexico received under Mexican rule.
American visitors saw little promise in the remote town. One traveller in 1849 wrote:
Today, Santa Fe is a testament to such preservation of rich history as well as a monument to the strength and wealth an environment gains through hardship; the City Different is a true oasis in the desert.
First in Series: New Mexico True Historic USA travel experiences
Provided by: Pueblo Bonito Bed and Breakfast Inn
Adobe bricks (mud bricks) are a long time New Mexico architectural building staple. Modern historic preservation efforts within Santa Fe’s historic district are to be commended for their preservation. New Mexico visitors travel with high expectations to see and experience ancient traditions of culture which adobe bricks encase and accurately preserve. Made of earth, traditional adobe bricks have a high clay content and straw mixture. If produced manually the earth mix is cast in open moulds onto the ground and left to be sun-dried, not kiln-fired. When used for construction they are laid up into a wall using an earth mortar. Before drying out, the finished walls are smoothed down and often a clay render applied as a surface coating.
Adobe brick building is an ancient technique common in the Americas and the Middle East. The oldest structural ruins made of earth date back to 8300 BC with some adobe buildings aged 800+ years still in use today! “Adobe” is a signature of Santa Fe New Mexico’s architecture and is beautifully preserved in many a historic building such as the De Vargas Street House (aka Oldest House in the USA). Built in 1200 CE, the original adobe home sits on the partial foundation of an ancient Indian Pueblo. Modern day use as a museum provides New Mexico visitors a viewing of this ancient art of adobe building. The De Vargas Street House has quiet a history and is a short stroll from Pueblo Bonito Inn- Santa Fe.
The Palace of the Governors (1610) is an adobe structure located on the north side of Santa Fe’s Plaza. The Palace of the Governors served as the seat of government for the state of New Mexico for centuries and is the oldest continuously occupied public building in the United States. The Palace originally served the Spanish colony of Nuevo Mexico, which at one time comprised present-day states of Texas, Arizona, Utah, Colorado, Nevada,California, and New Mexico. After the Mexican War of Independence, the Mexican province of Santa Fe de Nuevo Mexico was administered from the Palace of the Governors. When New Mexico was annexed as a U.S. territory the Palace became New Mexico’s first territorial capitol.*
“Adobe” is the Spanish name derived from the older Arabic “al-tob”, dating from the Moorish occupation of Spain. Adobe walls have a number of advantages and relatively few disadvantages. Adobe bricks are fireproof, durable and biodegradable! Adobe is a non-toxic building material and can provide sufficient thermal mass to ensure excellent thermal efficiency and low sound transmission levels through walls to create a general feeling of solidity and security. Due to the nature of clay and the drying process, adobe bricks exhibits good water resistance. It is important to provide weather protection to extend life to the adobe brick especially in exposed situations. Adobe can be cut relatively easily to provide for fittings or services like vigas, corbels, pass through, etc. Many people today find the pattern and texture of adobe walls very attractive as is the case at Pueblo Bonito bed and breakfast inn.
Accurately highlighting traditional historic Santa Fe culture and adobe living, Pueblo Bonito was originally built in 1860. Once a private residence, now a popular downtown bed and breakfast. Its painstaking preservation efforts over the past 30 years has transformed this massive 2 foot thick adobe walled structure into a one of a kind Santa Fe travel experience! Adobe walls surround 18 guest rooms each with a traditional kiva fireplace and adorable mosaic tiled private bathroom-essential modern conveniences! Traditional room features include: colorful nichos vanities, natural wood floors and vigas, hand plastered nichos and bancos, hand carved corbels and much more. Santa Fe, New Mexico is a top historic treasure for US travel buffs wanting to experience a true slice of historic dating back over 400 years.